plunge

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English plungen, ploungen, Anglo-Norman plungier, from Old French plongier, (Modern French plonger), from unattested Late Latin frequentative to throw a leaded line, from Latin plumbum(lead). Compare plumb, plounce.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

plunge ‎(plural plunges)

  1. the act of plunging or submerging
  2. a dive, leap, rush, or pitch into (into water)
    to take the water with a plunge
    plunge in the sea
  3. (dated) A swimming pool
  4. (figuratively) the act of pitching or throwing oneself headlong or violently forward, like an unruly horse
  5. (slang) heavy and reckless betting in horse racing; hazardous speculation
  6. (obsolete) an immersion in difficulty, embarrassment, or distress; the condition of being surrounded or overwhelmed; a strait; difficulty

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

plunge ‎(third-person singular simple present plunges, present participle plunging, simple past and past participle plunged)

  1. (transitive) To thrust into water, or into any substance that is penetrable; to immerse.
    to plunge the body into water
  2. (figuratively, transitive) To cast or throw into some thing, state, condition or action.
    to plunge a dagger into the breast;   to plunge a nation into war
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To baptize by immersion.
  4. (intransitive) To dive, leap or rush (into water or some liquid); to submerge oneself.
    he plunged into the river
  5. (figuratively, intransitive) To fall or rush headlong into some thing, action, state or condition.
    to plunge into debt;   to plunge into controversy
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 8, in The Celebrity:
      The day was cool and snappy for August, and the Rise all green with a lavish nature. Now we plunged into a deep shade with the boughs lacing each other overhead, and crossed dainty, rustic bridges over the cold trout-streams, the boards giving back the clatter of our horses' feet: [] .
    • 1989, David Gale, The Theory of Linear Economic Models:
      Before asking the reader to plunge into the subject of linear models I shall, in accordance with a sensible custom, attempt in the few pages which follow to give some idea of what this subject is.
  6. (intransitive) To pitch or throw oneself headlong or violently forward, as a horse does.
    • Joseph Hall (1574-1656)
      some wild colt, which [] flings and plunges
  7. (intransitive, slang) To bet heavily and with seeming recklessness on a race, or other contest; in an extended sense, to risk large sums in hazardous speculations.
  8. (intransitive, obsolete) To entangle or embarrass (mostly used in past participle).
    • Thomas Browne (1605-1682)
      Plunged and gravelled with three lines of Seneca.
  9. (intransitive, obsolete) To overwhelm, overpower.
Translations[edit]
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Anagrams[edit]

References[edit]