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See also: Rush and RUSH


English Wikipedia has articles on:


  • IPA(key): /ɹʌʃ/
  • (file)
  • Homophone: Rush
  • Rhymes: -ʌʃ

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English risshe, rusch, risch, from Old English rysc, risc, from Proto-Germanic *ruskijō (compare West Frisian risk, Dutch rus (bulrush), dialectal Norwegian ryskje (hair-grass)), from Proto-Indo-European *resg- (to plait, wattle) (compare Irish rusg (bark), Latin restis (rope), Lithuanian režģis (basketwork), Serbo-Croatian rògoz (reed), Ancient Greek ἄρριχος (árrhikhos, basket), Persian رغزه(raɣza, woollen cloth), and possibly Albanian rrush (grapes)).


rush (plural rushes)

  1. Any of several stiff plants of the genus Juncus, or the family Juncaceae, having hollow or pithy stems and small flowers, and often growing in marshes or near water.
  2. The stem of such plants used in making baskets, mats, the seats of chairs, etc.
  3. The merest trifle; a straw.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Arbuthnot
      John Bull's friendship is not worth a rush.
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Etymology 2[edit]

Perhaps from Middle English ruschen, russchen (to rush, startle, make a loud rushing noise), from Old English hrysċan (to jolt, startle), from Proto-Germanic *hurskijaną (to startle, drive), from *hurskaz (fast, rapid, quick), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱers- (to run, hurry). Cognate with Old High German hurscan (to speed, accelerate), Old English horsc (quick, quick-witted, clever). More at hurry.


rush (plural rushes)

  1. A sudden forward motion.
    • Sir H. Wotton
      A gentleman of his train spurred up his horse, and, with a violent rush, severed him from the duke.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 19, in The China Governess[1]:
      When Timothy and Julia hurried up the staircase to the bedroom floor, where a considerable commotion was taking place, Tim took Barry Leach with him.  [] . The captive made no resistance and came not only quietly but in a series of eager little rushes like a timid dog on a choke chain.
  2. A surge.
    A rush of business can be difficult to handle effectively for its unexpected volume.
  3. General haste.
    Many errors were made in the rush to finish.
  4. A rapid, noisy flow.
    a rush of water;  a rush of footsteps
  5. (military) A sudden attack; an onslaught.
  6. (contact sports) The act of running at another player to block or disrupt play.
    a rush on the quarterback
  7. (American football, dated) A rusher; a lineman.
    the center rush, whose place is in the center of the rush line
  8. A sudden, brief exhilaration, for instance the pleasurable sensation produced by a stimulant.
    The rollercoaster gave me a rush.
  9. (US, figuratively) A regulated period of recruitment in fraternities and sororities.
    rush week
  10. (US, dated, college slang) A perfect recitation.
  11. (croquet) A roquet in which the object ball is sent to a particular location on the lawn.
Derived terms[edit]


rush (third-person singular simple present rushes, present participle rushing, simple past and past participle rushed)

  1. (transitive or intransitive) To hurry; to perform a task with great haste.
    rush one's dinner;   rush off an email response
    • (Can we date this quote?) Thomas Sprat
      They [] never think it to be a part of religion to rush into the office of princes and ministers.
    • 2013 August 16, John Vidal, “Dams endanger ecology of Himalayas”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 10, page 8:
      Most of the Himalayan rivers have been relatively untouched by dams near their sources. Now the two great Asian powers, India and China, are rushing to harness them as they cut through some of the world's deepest valleys.
  2. (intransitive) To flow or move forward rapidly or noisily.
    armies rush to battle;   waters rush down a precipice.
  3. (intransitive, soccer) To dribble rapidly.
  4. (transitive or intransitive, contact sports) To run directly at another player in order to block or disrupt play.
  5. (transitive) To cause to move or act with unusual haste.
    Don't rush your client or he may withdraw.
  6. (intransitive, military) To make a swift or sudden attack.
  7. (military) To swiftly attack without warning.
  8. (video games, slang, transitive) To attack (an opponent) with a large swarm of units; to zerg.
  9. (transitive or intransitive, US, college) To attempt to join a fraternity or sorority; to undergo hazing or initiation in order to join a fraternity or sorority.
  10. (transitive) To transport or carry quickly.
    The shuttle rushes passengers from the station to the airport.
  11. (transitive or intransitive, croquet) To roquet an object ball to a particular location on the lawn.
  12. (US, slang, dated) To recite (a lesson) or pass (an examination) without an error.
Derived terms[edit]


rush (not comparable)

  1. Performed with, or requiring urgency or great haste, or done under pressure.
    a rush job
Usage notes[edit]

Used only before a noun.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]