English [ edit ]
Etymology [ edit ]
Middle English , stiff , stiffe , from stif Old English , from stīf Proto-Germanic (compare *stīfaz West Frisian , stiif Dutch , stijf German ), from steif Proto-Indo-European (compare *steypós Latin , stīpes , from which English stīpō ). stevedore
Pronunciation [ edit ]
Adjective [ edit ]
stiff ( comparative , stiffer superlative ) stiffest
( of an object ) Rigid, hard to bend, inflexible.
“A tight little craft,” was Austin’s invariable comment on the matron;
[… ]. ¶ Near her wandered her husband, orientally bland, invariably affable, and from time to time squinting sideways, as usual, in the ever-renewed expectation that he might catch a glimpse of his stiff, retroussé moustache.
( figuratively , of policies and rules and their application and enforcement ) Inflexible; rigid.
( of a person ) Formal in behavior; unrelaxed.
( colloquial ) Harsh, severe.
He was eventually caught, and given a stiff fine.
( of muscles or parts of the body ) Painful as a result of excessive or unaccustomed exercise.
My legs are stiff after climbing that hill yesterday.
a stiff drink; a stiff dose; a stiff breeze.
( of a penis ) Erect.
( cooking , of whipping cream or egg whites ) Beaten until so aerated that they stand up straight on their own.
beat the egg whites until they are stiff
( mathematics ) Of an equation: for which certain numerical solving methods are numerically unstable, unless the step size is taken to be extremely small.
Quotations [ edit ]
Derived terms [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
of an object, rigid, hard to bend, inflexible
থিৰ (as) ( thir ), ঠেৰেঙা (as) ( thereṅa ) Catalan:
硬 (zh) ( yìng ) Dutch:
rigide , (nl) stug , (nl) stijf (nl) Finnish:
jäykkä (fi) French:
rigide (fr) , m, f raide (fr) m, f German:
steif , (de) starr (de) Italian:
rigido (it) Japanese:
硬い (ja) ( かたい, katai ) Korean:
딱딱한 ( ttakttakhan ) Latvian:
, stīvs , stings stingrs Norman:
rigide m, f
stiv (no) Nynorsk:
sztywny (pl) Portuguese:
rígido , (pt) duro , (pt) inflexível , (pt) rijo , (pt) hirto , (pt) firme (pt) Russian:
жёсткий (ru) ( žóstkij ), неги́бкий (ru) ( negíbkij ), твёрдый (ru) ( tvjórdyj ) Scottish Gaelic:
rígido (es) , m duro (es) , m tieso (es) , m inflexible (es) m, f Swedish:
stel (sv) Volapük:
figuratively: of policies and rules and their application and enforcement
of a person, formal in behavior, unrelaxed
colloquial: harsh, severe
of muscles, or parts of the body
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
stiff ( plural ) stiffs
An average person, usually male, of no particular distinction, skill, or education, often a
working or stiff lucky .
A Working Stiff's Manifesto: A Memoir of Thirty Jobs I Quit, Nine That Fired Me, and Three I Can't Remember was published in 2003. A person who is deceived, as a
mark or pigeon in a swindle.
She convinced the stiff to go to her hotel room, where her henchman was waiting to rob him.
( slang ) A cadaver, a dead person.
( US ) A person who leaves (especially a restaurant) without paying the bill.
( blackjack ) Any hard hand where it is possible to exceed 21 by drawing an additional card.
See also [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
average person, usually male
slang: cadaver, dead person
US: person who leaves without paying the bill
( informal ) 食い逃げ ( kui-nige ); ( eats without money, does not matter if he/she leaves ) : ( formal ) 無銭飲食 ( musen-inshoku )
stiff ( third-person singular simple present , stiffs present participle , stiffing simple past and past participle ) stiffed
To fail to pay that which one
owes ( implicitly or explicitly) to another, especially by departing hastily.
Realizing he had forgotten his wallet, he stiffed the taxi driver when the cab stopped for a red light.
1946, William Foote Whyte, Industry and Society, page 129
We asked one girl to explain how she felt when she was "
stiffed." She said, You think of all the work you've done and how you've tried to please [them…]. to cheat someone
1992, Stephen Birmingham, Shades of Fortune, page 451
You see, poor Nonie really was
stiffed by Adolph in his will. He really stiffed her, Rose, and I really wanted to right that wrong. to tip ungenerously
2007, Mary Higgins Clark, I Heard That Song Before, page 154
stiffed the waiter with a cheap tip.
Translations [ edit ]
to fail to pay money one owes
Anagrams [ edit ]