cadaver

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See also: cadàver and cadáver

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:

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Etymology[edit]

Recorded since c.1500, from Latin cadāver, probably from cadō ‎(I fall) as a metaphor for "I die", also source (through combining form -cida) of the -cide in suicide, homicide etc.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /kəˈdæv.ə(ɹ)/, /kəˈdɑːv.ə(ɹ)/, /kəˈdeɪ.və(ɹ)/[1][2]
  • (US) IPA(key): /kəˈdævɚ/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ca‧dav‧er

Noun[edit]

cadaver ‎(plural cadavers)

  1. A dead body; especially the corpse of a human to be dissected.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ [2]

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Latin verb cadō ‎(I fall), as a euphemism for dying, "the fallen one". This etymology is found as early as ca. 200 CE in the writings of Tertullian, who associated cadaver to cadendo : Atque adeo caro est quae morte subruitur, ut exinde a cadendo cadaver enuntietur. (Tertullian, De Resurrectione Carnis).

A folk etymology derives cadaver syllabically from the Latin expression caro data vermibus (flesh given to worms). This etymology, more popular in Romance countries, can be traced back as early as the Schoolmen of the Middle Ages.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cadāver n ‎(genitive cadāveris); third declension

  1. A corpse, cadaver, carcass

Derived terms[edit]

Inflection[edit]

Third declension neuter.

Case Singular Plural
nominative cadāver cadāvera
genitive cadāveris cadāverum
dative cadāverī cadāveribus
accusative cadāver cadāvera
ablative cadāvere cadāveribus
vocative cadāver cadāvera

References[edit]

  • cadaver in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cadaver in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cadaver” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • cadaver in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cadaver in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • Tertullian. On the Resurrection of the Flesh. Chapter 18.
    Quote: “So that it is the flesh which falls by death; and accordingly it derives its name, cadaver, from cadendo.” [3]