cứng

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See also: cung, cùng, cúng, and cũng

Vietnamese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Non-Sino-Vietnamese reading of Chinese (“powerful, strong”; SV: kình), or, alternatively, from Proto-Vietic *kəŋʔ. Compare Khmer កឹង (kœ̆ng).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

cứng

  1. hard, tough, rigid

Derived terms[edit]