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U+52C1, 勁
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-52C1

[U+52C0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+52C2]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 19 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 一一大尸 (MMKS), four-corner 14127, composition)

  1. strong, unyielding, tough, powerful

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 147, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2349
  • Dae Jaweon: page 332, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 371, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+52C1

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡeŋ, *ɡeŋ
*keŋʔ, *ɡeŋ
*kɯns, *keŋs
*kʰeŋ, *kʰeːŋs
*kʰeŋ, *kʰeŋs
*ɡeŋʔ, *keːŋ
*keːŋ, *keːŋs
*keːŋ
*keːŋ
*keːŋʔ
*keːŋʔ
*keːŋs
*keːŋs
*keːŋs
*qʰeːŋ
*ɡeːŋ
*ɡeːŋ, *ɡeːŋʔ
*ɡeːŋʔ, *ɡeːŋs
*ɡeːŋs

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (121)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kiᴇŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kiɛŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiæŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kiajŋH/
Li
Rong
/kiɛŋH/
Wang
Li
/kĭɛŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ɛŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jìng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jìng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjiengH ›
Old
Chinese
/*keŋ-s/ (no palatalization before *-eŋ?)
English strong

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 6655 6790
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯns/ /*keŋs/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. powerful; strong
  2. vigorous; with energy; lively
  3. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.   (Classifier: m)

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. Powerful, power.[1]

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Akiyasu Tōdō [et al.] (2002) 漢字源, ISBN 978-4053008893: “勁 劤”

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gyeong) (hangeul , revised gyeong, McCune-Reischauer kyŏng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(kính, cứng, cánh, kình)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.