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See also:
U+52C1, 勁
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-52C1

[U+52C0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+52C2]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 19 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 一一大尸 (MMKS), four-corner 14127, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 147, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2349
  • Dae Jaweon: page 332, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 371, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+52C1

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡeŋ, *ɡeŋ
*keŋʔ, *ɡeŋ
*kɯns, *keŋs
*kʰeŋ, *kʰeːŋs
*kʰeŋ, *kʰeŋs
*ɡeŋʔ, *keːŋ
*keːŋ, *keːŋs
*keːŋ
*keːŋ
*keːŋʔ
*keːŋʔ
*keːŋs
*keːŋs
*keːŋs
*qʰeːŋ
*ɡeːŋ
*ɡeːŋ, *ɡeːŋʔ
*ɡeːŋʔ, *ɡeːŋs
*ɡeːŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kɯns, *keŋs): phonetic  (OC *keːŋ) + semantic  (strength).

Etymology[edit]

Perhaps related to (OC *ɡaŋ, *ɡaŋʔ, “strong”).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • ging6 - more common, especially when meaning “amazing; terrific; super”.
  • Hakka
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (121)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kiᴇŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kiɛŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kiæŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kiajŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kiɛŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kĭɛŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ki̯ɛŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jìng
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jìng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kjiengH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*keŋ-s/ (no palatalization before *-eŋ?)
    English strong

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 6655 6790
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kɯns/ /*keŋs/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. powerful; strong
    2. vigorous; with energy; lively
    3. (Cantonese) amazing; terrific
      / [Cantonese]  ―  hou2 ging6 [Jyutping]  ―  amazing
    4. (Cantonese) very; super
      / [Cantonese]  ―  ging6 ci5 [Jyutping]  ―  closely resembling
      / [Cantonese]  ―  ging6 faan4 [Jyutping]  ―  super annoying

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (121)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kiᴇŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kiɛŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kiæŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kiajŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kiɛŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kĭɛŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ki̯ɛŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jìng
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jìng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kjiengH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*keŋ-s/ (no palatalization before *-eŋ?)
    English strong

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 6655 6790
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kɯns/ /*keŋs/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. vigor; energy; strength (Classifier: m)

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. Powerful, power.[1]

    Readings[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ Akiyasu Tōdō [et al.] (2002) 漢字源, →ISBN: “勁 劤”

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gyeong) (hangeul , revised gyeong, McCune-Reischauer kyŏng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (kính, cứng, cánh, kình)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.