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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 166 +4, 11 strokes, cangjie input 田土弓戈弓 (WGNIN), four-corner 67122, composition)

Variant: (U+3652)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1291, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40133
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1793, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3683, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+91CE

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /iɛ²¹⁴/
Harbin /iɛ²¹³/
Tianjin /ie¹³/
Jinan /iə⁵⁵/
Qingdao /iə⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /iɛ⁵³/
Xi'an /iɛ⁵³/
Xining /i⁵³/
Yinchuan /ie⁵³/
Lanzhou /iə⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /iɤ⁵¹/
Wuhan /ie⁴²/
Chengdu /ie⁵³/
Guiyang /ie⁴²/
Kunming /iɛ⁵³/
Nanjing /ie²¹²/
Hefei /i²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /ie⁵³/
Pingyao /ie̞⁵³/
Hohhot /ie⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ɦia¹³/
Suzhou /ɦiɑ³¹/
Hangzhou /ʔie̞⁵³/
/ʔi⁵³/
Wenzhou /i³⁵/
Hui Shexian /ie³⁵/
/ia³⁵/
Tunxi /ia²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ie⁴¹/
/ia⁴¹/
Xiangtan /iɒ⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /iɑ²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /ia⁴⁴/
/ia³¹/
Taoyuan /ʒɑ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jɛ²³/
Nanning /jɛ²⁴/
Hong Kong /jɛ¹³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ia⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ia³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ia²¹/
/ia⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ia⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ze²¹³/
/ia²¹³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (25)
Final: (22)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: shù
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡ʑɨʌX/ /d͡ʑiɔX/ /d͡ʑiɔX/ /d͡ʑɨə̆X/ /ʑiɔX/ /ʑĭoX/ /ʑi̯woX/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (36)
Final: (100)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yě
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/jiaX/ /jiaX/ /iaX/ /jiaX/ /iaX/ /jĭaX/ /i̯aX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ X › /*lAʔ/ open country

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15722 0 /*laːʔ/
15729 0 /*ɦljaʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. wild
  2. countryside, field
  3. wilderness
  4. plain, open country, open space, the open, suburb
  5. limit, boundary
  6. rude, feral, untamed, unrestrained
  7. rough, violent, boorish, rude
  8. villatic
  9. not in power, out of office
  10. unnormal
  11. wrongful
  12. (Xiamen and Quanzhou Min Nan, Min Dong) very; quite

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji no)

  1. area
  2. field

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ya) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ya, Yale ya)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, lương, nhựợng)

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