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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 166 +4, 11 strokes, cangjie input 田土弓戈弓 (WGNIN), four-corner 67122, composition)

Variant: (U+3652)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1291, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40133
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1793, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3683, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+91CE

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /iɛ²¹⁴/
Harbin /iɛ²¹³/
Tianjin /ie¹³/
Jinan /iə⁵⁵/
Qingdao /iə⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /iɛ⁵³/
Xi'an /iɛ⁵³/
Xining /i⁵³/
Yinchuan /ie⁵³/
Lanzhou /iə⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /iɤ⁵¹/
Wuhan /ie⁴²/
Chengdu /ie⁵³/
Guiyang /ie⁴²/
Kunming /iɛ⁵³/
Nanjing /ie²¹²/
Hefei /i²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /ie⁵³/
Pingyao /ie̞⁵³/
Hohhot /ie⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ɦia²³/
Suzhou /ɦiɑ³¹/
Hangzhou /ʔie̞⁵³/
/ʔi⁵³/
Wenzhou /i³⁵/
Hui Shexian /ie³⁵/
/ia³⁵/
Tunxi /ia²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ie⁴¹/
/ia⁴¹/
Xiangtan /iɒ⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /iɑ²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /ia⁴⁴/
/ia³¹/
Taoyuan /ʒɑ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jɛ²³/
Nanning /jɛ²⁴/
Hong Kong /jɛ¹³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ia⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ia³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ia²¹/
/ia⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ia⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ze²¹³/
/ia²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (25) (36)
Final () (22) (100)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑɨʌX/ /jiaX/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiɔX/ /jiaX/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiɔX/ /iaX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑɨə̆X/ /jiaX/
Li
Rong
/ʑiɔX/ /iaX/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭoX/ /jĭaX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯woX/ /i̯aX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shù
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ X ›
Old
Chinese
/*lAʔ/
English open country

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 15722 15729
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*laːʔ/ /*ɦljaʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. wild
  2. countryside, field
  3. wilderness
  4. plain, open country, open space, the open, suburb
  5. limit, boundary
  6. rude, feral, untamed, unrestrained
  7. rough, violent, boorish, rude
  8. villatic
  9. not in power, out of office
  10. unnormal
  11. wrongful
  12. (Xiamen and Quanzhou Min Nan, Min Dong) very; quite

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji no)

  1. area
  2. field

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ya) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ya, Yale ya)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, lương, nhựợng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.