下野

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Chinese[edit]

 
under; next; lower; below; underneath; down(wards); to go down; latter
 
field; plain; open space; limit; boundary; rude; wild
simp. and trad.
(下野)

Pronunciation[edit]


Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb[edit]

下野

  1. (politics) to be forced to step down

Etymology 2[edit]

Orthographic borrowing from Japanese 下野 (Shimotsuke).

Proper noun[edit]

下野

  1. () Shimotsuke (a city in Tochigi, Japan)

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term

Grade: 1

Grade: 2
goon

First attested around the early 1930s.

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “From Mandarin, or coined in Japan?”)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

下野 (hiragana げや, rōmaji geya)

  1. (of a public servant) retirement from public office
  2. (politics, of a political party) going into the opposition

Verb[edit]

下野する (suru conjugation, hiragana げやする, rōmaji geya suru)

  1. (of a public servant) to retire from public office
    Synonym: 野に下る (ya ni kudaru)
  2. (politics, of a political party) to go into the opposition
Conjugation[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
しも
Grade: 1
Grade: 2
kun’yomi Irregular

⟨simo(1) tu ke2no1 → */simotukenʷə//ɕimot͡sukenʉ//ɕimot͡suke/

Shortened from Old Japanese 下毛野 (⟨Simotuke2no1 → Shimotsukeno).[2]

The meadowsweet sense was first attested in The Pillow Book (1002), from where the flower was first discovered.

Alternative forms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

下野 (hiragana しもつけ, rōmaji Shimotsuke)

  1. a placename, such as that of:
    1. (historical) Short for 下野国 (Shimotsuke-no-kuni): Shimotsuke Province, an old province of Japan, now part of Tochigi Prefecture
      Synonym: 野州 (Yashū)
    2. Short for 下野市 (Shimotsuke-shi): Shimotsuke City in Tochigi Prefecture
    3. names of three cities in Toyama prefecture
  2. a surname
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

下野 (hiragana しもつけ, katakana シモツケ, rōmaji shimotsuke)

  1. the Japanese meadowsweet, Spiraea japonica
    Synonym: 木下野 (kishimotsuke)
    Hypernym: 薔薇 (bara)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
しも
Grade: 1

Grade: 2
kun’yomi

From (shimo, lower) +‎ (no, field).

Proper noun[edit]

下野 (hiragana しもの, rōmaji Shimono)

  1. a placename
  2. a surname

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
した
Grade: 1

Grade: 2
kun’yomi

From (shita, below) +‎ (no, field).

Proper noun[edit]

下野 (hiragana したの, rōmaji Shitano)

  1. a placename
  2. a surname

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Verb[edit]

下野 (haya)

  1. Hanja form? of 하야 (to be forced to step down).