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See also: and 巿
U+5E02, 市
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5E02

[U+5E01]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5E03]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
5 strokes

Alternative forms[edit]

Note that the Ming typeface used in Japan and Korea as well as the Kangxi dictionary uses a vertical dot for the upper component of which is slightly different from modern Chinese scripts which uses a slanting dot for the upper component of in .

Han character[edit]

(radical 50, +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 卜中月 (YLB), four-corner 00227, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 328, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8775
  • Dae Jaweon: page 632, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 729, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5E02

Usage notes[edit]

This character is not to be confused with visually similar but unrelated 巿 (U+5DFF) (type of clothing in ancient China) which has only four strokes and is written with across the top of .


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
市-bronze.svg 市-seal.svg 市-bigseal.svg

Oracle bone script and bronze inscriptions: Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *djɯʔ): semantic  (bustling) + phonetic  (OC *tjɯ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chhī/chhǐ - vernacular;
  • sī/sǐ - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (25)
    Final () (19)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡ʑɨX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡ʑɨX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡ʑieX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡ʑɨX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʑiəX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ʑĭəX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʑiX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shì
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shì
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dzyiX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.[d]əʔ/
    English market (n.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11611
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*djɯʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. city; town
    2. market; fair
    3. trade

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    いち
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    (hiragana いち, rōmaji ichi)

    1. market

    Suffix[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji -shi)

    1. city

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 저자 (jeoja si))

    1. market, city, town

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (thị)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Compounds[edit]