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U+80BA, 肺
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-80BA

[U+80B9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+80BB]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 130, +4 in Chinese, 肉+5 in Japanese, 8 strokes in Chinese, 9 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 月十月 (BJB) or 月卜中月 (BYLB), four-corner 75227, composition(GHTKV) or ⿰巿(J))

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 976, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29328
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1428, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2047, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+80BA

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *pʰobs): semantic  (meat; flesh) + phonetic 巿 (OC *pub).

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *p-wap (lung).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Sixian:
    • fi - literary;
    • hi - vernacular.
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • Xiamen, Zhangzhou, Taiwan:
      • hì - vernacular;
      • hùi - literary.
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /fei⁵¹/
    Harbin /fei⁵³/
    Tianjin /fei⁵³/
    Jinan /fei²¹/
    Qingdao /fe⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /fi³¹²/
    Xi'an /fi⁴⁴/
    Xining /fɨ²¹³/
    Yinchuan /fei¹³/
    Lanzhou /fei¹³/
    Ürümqi /fei²¹³/
    Wuhan /fei³⁵/
    Chengdu /fei¹³/
    Guiyang /fei²²¹³/
    Kunming /fei²¹²/
    Nanjing /fəi⁴⁴/
    Hefei /fe⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /fei⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /xuei³⁵/
    Hohhot /fei⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /fi³⁵/
    Suzhou /fi⁵¹³/
    Hangzhou /fi⁴⁴⁵/
    Wenzhou /fei⁴²/
    Hui Shexian /fe³²⁴/
    Tunxi /fe⁴²/
    Xiang Changsha /fei⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /ɸəi⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /fɨi⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /fi⁵³/
    Taoyuan /fui⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /fɐi³³/
    Nanning /fɐi³³/
    Hong Kong /fɐi³³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hui²¹/
    /hi²¹/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hiɛ²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xi³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /hui²¹³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hui³⁵/
    /fɔi³⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (2)
    Final () (28)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pʰʉɐiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pʰʷiɐiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /pʰiuɐiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /pʰuajH/
    Li
    Rong
    /pʰiuɐiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /pʰĭwɐiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pʰi̯wɐiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    fèi
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    fèi
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ phjojH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pʰo[t]-s/
    English lung

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3293
    Phonetic
    component
    巿
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pʰobs/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (anatomy) lung
    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]



    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    pèi
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ phajH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pʰˁ[a][t]-s/
    English dense, luxuriant (foliage)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 肺肺.

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    • pukupukusi → ɸukuɸusi.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (ふくふくし) (fukufukushi

    1. (anatomy) lung
      • 794, Shin'yaku Kegonkyō Ongi Shiki (page 68)
        心肺 々音辨 々訓布々久々之
        (please add an English translation of this usage example)
      • 931938, Minamoto no Shitagō, Wamyō Ruijushō (book 2, page 35)
        肺 白虎通云 音廢 布久布久之 [...] 金之精也 色白 [...] 肺藏也 [...]
        (please add an English translation of this usage example)

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    はい
    Grade: 6

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (はい) (hai

    1. (anatomy) lung
    Synonyms[edit]

    References[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 허파 (heopa pye))

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 성할 (seonghal pye))

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    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (phế, phổi, chị)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.