Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: , , , , and
U+7531, 由
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7531

[U+7530]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7532]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 102, +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 中田 (LW), four-corner 50600, composition or ⿻)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 757, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21724
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1167, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2524, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+7531

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou
Bronze inscriptions
由-bronze.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ljɯwɢs
*ljɯwɢs
*ljɯwɢs, *lɯwɢs
*l̥ʰɯw
*l̥ʰɯw, *l'ɯwɢ
*l'ɯw
*l'ɯw
*l'ɯw, *ɦljɯw, *lɯw
*rlɯw
*l'ɯwɢs
*l'ɯwɢs
*l'ɯwɢs
*l'ɯwɢs
*l'ɯwɢs
*lɯw, *lɯwɢs
*lɯw
*lɯw
*lɯw
*lɯw
*lɯwɢs
*lɯwɢs, *l'ɯwɢ
*lɯwɢs
*l'ɯːwɢ, *l̥ʰɯwɢ
*l'ɯːwɢ
*l'ɯːwɢ
*l'ɯːwɢ
*l'ɯwɢ
*l'ɯwɢ

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Related to ?”

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /iou³⁵/
Harbin /iou²⁴/
Tianjin /iou⁴⁵/
Jinan /iou⁴²/
Qingdao /iou⁴²/
Zhengzhou /iou⁴²/
Xi'an /iou²⁴/
Xining /iɯ²⁴/
Yinchuan /iəu⁵³/
Lanzhou /iou⁵³/
Ürümqi /iɤu⁵¹/
Wuhan /iəu²¹³/
Chengdu /iəu³¹/
Guiyang /iəu²¹/
Kunming /iəu³¹/
Nanjing /iəɯ²⁴/
Hefei /iɯ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /iəu¹¹/
Pingyao /iəu¹³/
Hohhot /iəu³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦiɤ²³/
Suzhou /ɦiɤ¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦiø²¹³/
Wenzhou /jau³¹/
Hui Shexian /iu⁴⁴/
Tunxi /iu⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /iəu¹³/
Xiangtan /iəɯ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /i⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /iu¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʒiu¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐu²¹/
Nanning /jɐu²¹/
Hong Kong /jɐu²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iu³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ieu⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iu²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /iu⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ziu³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (36)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/iəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/juw/
Li
Rong
/iu/
Wang
Li
/jĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yóu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yóu
Middle
Chinese
‹ yuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*l[u]/
English follow; from

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15526
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*lɯw/

Definitions[edit]

  1. cause; reason
  2. from

References[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. cause, reason
  2. from, arising from

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(yu) (hangeul , revised yu, McCune–Reischauer yu, Yale yu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(do, , ro, sân)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.