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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.
Stroke order
事-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 6 +7, 8 strokes, cangjie input 十中中弓 (JLLN), four-corner 50007, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 85, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 241
  • Dae Jaweon: page 174, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 23, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4E8B

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (事), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 莊 (18)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 側吏切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃɨH/ /ʈ͡ʂiH/ /t͡ʃiəH/ /ʈ͡ʂɨH/ /ʈ͡ʂɨH/ /t͡ʃĭəH/ /t͡ʃieH/
Character (事), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 崇 (20)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 鉏吏切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʒɨH/ /ɖ͡ʐʱiH/ /d͡ʒiəH/ /ɖ͡ʐɨH/ /ɖ͡ʐɨH/ /d͡ʒĭəH/ /d͡ʒieH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shì ‹ dzriH › /*[m-s-]rəʔ-s/ serve; service, affair

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11485 0 /*ʔsrɯs/ 見漢書又作剚倳
11486 0 /*zrɯs/ 史吏轉註字

Noun[edit]

(classifier , )

  1. thing; matter
  2. job; career

Compounds[edit]

Verb[edit]

  1. serve

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Japanese. Cognate with ‎(koto, word). Possibly cognate with Korean ‎(geot).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana こと, romaji koto)

  1. broadly, any abstract thing, affair, matter, or fact
    1. a thing, occasion, circumstances, detail, particular
      些細 (ささい) (こと)だ。
      sasai na koto da.
      It is a trivial matter.
      いやしくもなすに () (こと)なら立派 (りっぱ)にやるだけの価値 (かち)がある。
      iyashiku mo nasu ni taru koto nara rippa ni yaru dake no kachi ga aru.
      If a thing is worth doing at all, it is worth doing well.
    2. act of (word used for the nominalization of verbs, adjectives, or phrases)
      ある程度 (ていど)まで (わたし)はあなたの () (こと)賛成 (さんせい)です。
      aru teido made watashi wa anata no iu koto ni sansei desu.
      I agree with what you say to some extent.
    3. (by extension) experience, having been or done (used with ある, ga aru)
      京都 (きょうと) ()った (こと) ()りますか。
      kyōto ni itta koto ga arimasuka.
      Have you ever been to Kyoto?
       (かれ)学校 (がっこう)遅刻 (ちこく)する (こと) ()る。
      kare wa gakkō ni chikoku suru koto ga aru.
      He is sometimes late for school.
    4. event of special importance: affair, something, incident, case, occurrence, trouble
      大変 (たいへん) (こと) ()こった。
      taihen na koto ga okotta.
      A terrible accident occurred.
    5. business matters, affairs, business, work, duty
       (あわ)てて (こと) (はこ)ぶとミスをしますよ。
      awatete koto o hakobu to misu o shimasu yo.
      You make mistakes if you do things in a hurry.

Usage notes[edit]

(koto) is used for abstract things, such as an action or concept. ‎(mono) is used for more concrete things, such as a chair or toothbrush.

Phrases[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune-Reischauer sa)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(sự, )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]