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U+4E8B, 事
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E8B

[U+4E8A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E8C]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
8 strokes
Stroke order
事-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 6, +7, 8 strokes, cangjie input 十中中弓 (JLLN), four-corner 50007, composition ⿻⿱𠮛)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 85, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 241
  • Dae Jaweon: page 174, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 23, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4E8B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms
𠭆

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
事-oracle.svg 事-bronze.svg 事-seal.svg 事-bigseal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (hand) +  (flag or hunting weapon) – flag or hunting weapon in hand > to perform one's job. Compare , .

Etymology[edit]

Exopassive of (OC *zrɯʔ, “to give or carry out an assignment; to serve”), literally “what has been assigned” (Schuessler, 2007).

Alternatively, based on Gong (2000), STEDT derives it from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r-dzas (thing), whence Burmese စာ (ca, thing) and Tibetan རྫས (rdzas, thing, object, matter).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: se/sê4 - “work”.
Note:
  • dī, si̿ - vernacular;
  • sū - literary.
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • sê̤ṳ - literary;
    • dâi - vernacular.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • sū/sīr/sǐr/sī - literary;
    • tāi - vernacular (usually written ).
    Note: se6 - “to serve”.
    Note:
    • sr5 - vernacular;
    • sr4 - literary.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʂʐ̩⁵¹/
    Harbin /ʂʐ̩⁵³/
    Tianjin /sz̩⁵³/
    Jinan /ʂʐ̩²¹/
    Qingdao /ʂʐ̩⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ʂʐ̩³¹²/
    Xi'an /sz̩⁴⁴/
    Xining /sz̩²¹³/
    Yinchuan /ʂʐ̩¹³/
    Lanzhou /ʂʐ̩¹³/
    Ürümqi /sz̩²¹³/
    Wuhan /sz̩³⁵/
    Chengdu /sz̩¹³/
    Guiyang /sz̩²¹³/
    Kunming /sz̩²¹²/
    Nanjing /sz̩⁴⁴/
    Hefei /sz̩⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /sz̩⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /sz̩³⁵/
    Hohhot /sz̩⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /zz̩²³/
    Suzhou /zz̩³¹/
    Hangzhou /zz̩¹³/
    Wenzhou /zz̩²²/
    Hui Shexian /sz̩²²/
    Tunxi /sz̩¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /sz̩⁵⁵/
    /sz̩¹¹/
    Xiangtan /sz̩²¹/
    Gan Nanchang /sz̩²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /sz̩⁵³/
    Taoyuan /sï⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /si²²/
    Nanning /sz̩²²/
    Hong Kong /si²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /su²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /søy²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /su⁴⁴/
    /si³³/
    /ti⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /sɯ³¹/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /si³³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (20)
    Final () (19)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡ʒɨH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɖ͡ʐɨH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡ʒieH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɖ͡ʐɨH/
    Li
    Rong
    /d͡ʒiəH/
    Wang
    Li
    /d͡ʒĭəH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɖ͡ʐʱiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhì
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shì
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dzriH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[m-s-]rəʔ-s/
    English serve; service, affair

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 11486
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*zrɯs/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. thing; matter (Classifier: m c;  m)
    2. task; work; job; career
    3. misfortune; mishap; accident; incident
    4. (dialectal Hakka, Min Bei) speech; words; language
    5. to serve; to attend to someone
    6. (Beijing, erhua-ed) fussy; pernickety; troublesome
      /   ―  Tā zhè rén tè shìr.  ―  He is a very fussy person.
    7. 27th tetragram of the Taixuanjing; "duties" (𝌠)
    8. (Internet slang) Eye dialect spelling of .
    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: () (ji)
    • Korean: (, sa)
    • Vietnamese: sự ()

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (18)
    Final () (19)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ʃɨH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈ͡ʂɨH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ʃieH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈ͡ʂɨH/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ʃiəH/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ʃĭəH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʈ͡ʂiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhì
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 11485
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔsrɯs/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of (, “to establish”).
    2. Alternative form of (, “to stab”).

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    As an alternative form of and :

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    こと
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    こと
    [noun] broadly, any abstract thing, affair, matter, or fact
    [noun] a thing, occasion, circumstances, detail, particular
    [noun] act of (word used for the nominalization of verbs, adjectives, or phrases)
    [noun] (by extension) experience, having been or done (used with ある, ga aru)
    [noun] event of special importance: affair, something, incident, case, occurrence, trouble
    [noun] business matters, affairs, business, work, duty
    Alternative spellings
    , ,
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 3
    goon

    From Middle Chinese. It seems the reading is from (MC d͡ʒɨH, “to establish; to stab”), while the meaning is from (MC t͡ʃɨH, “thing, matter; task, job”).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Affix[edit]

    () (ji

    1. thing
    2. work; job; business
    3. to serve; to work for

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun (il sa))

    1. thing, matter

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: sự[1][2][3][4][5]
    : Nôm readings: sự[1][2][4][6], [3]

    1. Hán tự form of sự (deed; act; occurence).
    2. Nôm form of (to leak out, to escape).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]