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U+7279, 特
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7279

[U+7278]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+727A]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 93 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹手土木戈 (HQGDI), four-corner 24541, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 700, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20013
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1113, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1808, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+7279

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tɯːʔ, *tɯːŋʔ
*dɯːʔ
*ljɯs
*l'ɯ
*dɯʔ
*dɯʔ
*dɯʔ
*dɯʔ
*dɯʔ, *tjɯʔ
*dɯʔ, *tjɯʔ, *djɯʔ
*dɯʔ, *djɯs
*dɯʔ
*djɯ
*djɯ
*djɯ
*djɯ, *djɯs
*djɯ
*djɯʔ
*djɯs
*hljɯ
*hljɯ
*dɯːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *dɯːɡ): semantic (ox) + phonetic (OC *ljɯs).

Etymology[edit]

Compare Thai ถึก(tʉ̀k, young ox, male water buffalo), Lao ເຖິກ(thœk, male (of animal)), Proto-Vietic *dək(male) > Vietnamese đực(male (of animal); bull).

Related to (OC *dɯɡ, “male animal”).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tʰɤ⁵¹/
Harbin /tʰɤ⁵³/
Tianjin /tʰɤ⁵³/
Jinan /tʰə⁴²/ ~別
/tei⁴²/ ~為
Qingdao /tʰə⁵⁵/ ~務
/te⁵⁵/ ~為
Zhengzhou /tʰɛ²⁴/
Xi'an /tʰei²⁴/
Xining /tʰɨ²⁴/
Yinchuan /tʰa¹³/
/tʰia¹³/
/tʰə¹³/
Lanzhou /tʰə¹³/
Ürümqi /tʰɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /tʰɤ²¹³/
Chengdu /tʰe³¹/
/tʰie³¹/
Guiyang /tʰɛ²¹/
Kunming /tʰə³¹/
Nanjing /tʰəʔ⁵/
Hefei /tʰɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /tʰaʔ²/
Pingyao /tʰʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /tʰaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /dəʔ¹/
Suzhou /dəʔ³/
Hangzhou /dəʔ²/
Wenzhou /de²¹³/
Hui Shexian /tʰe²²/
/tʰi²²/
Tunxi /tʰe¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /tʰə²⁴/
Xiangtan /tʰæ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /tʰɛʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /tʰit̚⁵/
Taoyuan /tʰit̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tɐk̚²/
Nanning /tɐk̚²²/
Hong Kong /tɐk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tik̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tɛiʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰɛ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tek̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdek̚³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (7)
Final () (131)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/dək̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/dək̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/dək̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dək̚/
Li
Rong
/dək̚/
Wang
Li
/dək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ dok ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]ˤək/
English bull

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12055
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*dɯːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (of animal, especially bull) male
  2. ox; bull
  3. alone; by oneself
  4. single-handed; by oneself
  5. only; just
  6. special; unique; distinguished
  7. specially; especially
  8. Short for 特務特务 (tèwù, “special agent; spy”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. special

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(teuk)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: teuk, McCune-Reischauer: t'ŭk, Yale: thuk)
  • Name (hangeul): 특별하다, 수컷 (revised: teukbyeolhada, sukeot, McCune-Reischauer: t'ŭkpyŏrhada, suk'ŏt, Yale: thukpyelhada, swukhes)

Compounds[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đặc, đực, đước, được, sệt)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.