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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hljɯ): semantic  ‎(speech) + phonetic  ‎(OC *ljɯs) – poetry is a form of language, speech.

Han character[edit]

(radical 149 +6, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜口土木戈 (YRGDI), four-corner 04641, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1157, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35427
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1622, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3961, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+8A69

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (26)
Final: (19)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: shī
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕɨ/ /ɕɨ/ /ɕie/ /ɕɨ/ /ɕiə/ /ɕĭə/ /ɕi/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12052 0 /*hljɯ/

Noun[edit]

(classifier (shǒu))

  1. poem, verse, ode; poetry

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. poetry, poem
  2. (archaic) Chinese-style poetry
  3. modern Japanese poetry

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji shi)

  1. poem

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(si) (hangeul , revised si, McCune-Reischauer si, Yale si)

Noun[edit]

‎(si) ‎(hangeul )

  1. Hanja form? of , “poem, poetry”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. Hán tự form of thi, thơ, "poetry, poem"