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See also:
U+8A69, 詩
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8A69

[U+8A68]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8A6A]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 149, +6, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜口土木戈 (YRGDI), four-corner 04641, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1157, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35427
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1622, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3961, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+8A69

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alternative forms 𧥳

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Transcribed ancient scripts
詩-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hljɯ): semantic  (speech) + phonetic  (OC *ljɯs) – poetry is a form of language, speech.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (26)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕɨ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕie/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕɨ/
Li
Rong
/ɕiə/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭə/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shī
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shī
Middle
Chinese
‹ syi ›
Old
Chinese
/*s.tə/
English poetry

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12052
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljɯ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. poem; verse; ode; poetry (Classifier: m)
  2. Short for 詩經诗经 (Shījīng, “Classic of Poetry”).

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: () (shi)
  • Korean: (, si)
  • Vietnamese: thi ()

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. poetry, poem
  2. (archaic) Chinese-style poetry
  3. modern Japanese poetry

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC ɕɨ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

() (shi

  1. poem
  2. verse of poetry
  3. (poetry) Chinese poetry
  4. Short for 詩経 (Shijing, the Book of Odes).
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
うた
Grade: 3
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
うた2
[noun] (music) a song
[noun] (poetry) poetry
Alternative spellings
, ,
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC ɕɨ). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: si) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eum (si))

  1. Hanja form? of (poetry; poem).
  2. Hanja form? of (verse).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Việt readings: thi ((thân)(chi)(thiết))[1][2][3][4][5]
: Nôm readings: thơ[1][2][3][6][4][5][7], thi[1][2][4][7]

  1. Hán tự form of thi (poetry; poem).
  2. Nôm form of thơ (poetry; poem; verse).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]