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See also:
U+8A69, 詩
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8A69

[U+8A68]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8A6A]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 149 +6, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜口土木戈 (YRGDI), four-corner 04641, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1157, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35427
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1622, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3961, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+8A69

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script
詩-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tɯːʔ, *tɯːŋʔ
*dɯːʔ
*ljɯs
*l'ɯ
*dɯʔ
*dɯʔ
*dɯʔ
*dɯʔ
*dɯʔ, *tjɯʔ
*dɯʔ, *tjɯʔ, *djɯʔ
*dɯʔ, *djɯs
*dɯʔ
*djɯ
*djɯ
*djɯ
*djɯ, *djɯs
*djɯ
*djɯʔ
*djɯs
*hljɯ
*hljɯ
*dɯːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hljɯ): semantic  (speech) + phonetic  (OC *ljɯs) – poetry is a form of language, speech.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (26)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕɨ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕie/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕɨ/
Li
Rong
/ɕiə/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭə/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shī
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12052
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljɯ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. poem; verse; ode; poetry (Classifier: m)
  2. Short for 詩經诗经 (Shījīng, “Classic of Poetry”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. poetry, poem
  2. (archaic) Chinese-style poetry
  3. modern Japanese poetry

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC ɕɨ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji shi)

  1. poem
  2. verse of poetry
  3. (poetry) Chinese poetry
  4. Short for 詩経 (Shijing, the Book of Odes).
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
うた
Grade: 3
kun’yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana うた, rōmaji uta)

  1. modern poetry
Usage notes[edit]
  • Despite , , and having the same kun-yomi reading of uta: refers to modern poetry, to songs and classical Japanese poetry (such as tanka), and is primarily used in shamisen songs.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(si) (hangeul , revised si, McCune-Reischauer si, Yale si)

Noun[edit]

(si) (hangeul )

  1. Hanja form? of , “poem, poetry”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. Hán tự form of thi, thơ, “poetry, poem