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U+9996, 首
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9996

[U+9995]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9997]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
9 strokes
Stroke order
首-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 185 +0, 9 strokes, cangjie input 廿竹月山 (THBU), four-corner 80601, composition𦣻)

  1. Kangxi radical #185, .

Derived glyphs[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1427, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44489
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1953, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4500, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9996

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𩠐
𦣻

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
首-oracle.svg 首-bronze.svg 首-seal.svg 首-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l'uːʔ
*duːs
*hljuʔ, *hljus

Simplified from 𩠐 (). Originally pictographic (象形). In the oracle bone script, it appeared with or without hair (), but 𩠐, the form with hair, was the form that was perpetuated.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *k-lu; cognate with Mizo lu (head). This word has also been compared with Proto-Austronesian *quluh (head) (Malay hulu) and Proto-Tai *klawᶜ ~ krawᶜ (head; hair knot) (Thai เกล้า (glâao, hair; head)), and was used by Sagart to support his Sino-Austronesian hypothesis. Compare (OC *l'uːʔ, “path, road”) (with the same phonetic component) and its relationship with Proto-Hmong-Mien *kləuX (road, way).

This word was replaced by (OC *doː, “head”) by the Warring States period, possibly due to early homophony with (OC *hnjɯwʔ, “hand”).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • siú - literary;
  • chhiú - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (26)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕiuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕuwX/
Li
Rong
/ɕiuX/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯ə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shǒu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shǒu
Middle
Chinese
‹ syuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥uʔ/
English head

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 11671
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljuʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (anatomy) head
  2. chief; leader
  3. start; beginning
  4. first; best; highest
  5. primeprior; primary
  6. side; direction
  7. Classifier for songs and poems. all nouns using this classifier

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (26)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕiuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕuwH/
Li
Rong
/ɕiuH/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯ə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shòu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shǒu
Middle
Chinese
‹ syuwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥uʔ-s/
English turn the head towards

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 11672
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljus/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to report someone to the authorities
  2. to plead guilty
  3. to face (a direction)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. neck
  2. counter for songs and poems
  3. beginning, first

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
くび
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana くび, rōmaji kubi)

  1. neck (part of the body connecting head and torso)
  2. the neck and head as a whole
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana おびと, rōmaji obito)

  1. (archaic) one who rules or commands a group of people; a chief

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しゅ, rōmaji shu)

  1. (rare) The first one; a lord

See Also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

kamipe > kampe > kaube > koːbe. Compound of either (kami, upper) or (kami, hair) with the suffix (he, location).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana こうべ, rōmaji kōbe, historical hiragana かうべ)

  1. (part of the body) head

Etymology 4[edit]

Counter[edit]

(hiragana しゅ, rōmaji -shu)

  1. poems and songs

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(su)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (McCune-Reischauer: su, Yale: swu)
    • Name (hangeul): 머리 (revised: meori, McCune-Reischauer: mŏri)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thủ, thú)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.