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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
首-bw.png
Stroke order
首-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 185 +0, 9 strokes, cangjie input 廿竹月山 (THBU), four-corner 80601, composition𦣻)

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1427, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44489
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1953, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4500, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9996

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𩠐

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
首-oracle.svg 首-bronze.svg 首-bigseal.svg 首-seal.svg

Simplified from 𩠐 (). Originally Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hljuʔ, *hljus):  + 𦣻.

Etymology[edit]

Sino-Tibetan; cognate with Mizo lu ‎(head). This word has also been compared with Proto-Austronesian *quluh ‎(head) (Malay hulu) and Proto-Tai *klawᶜ ~ krawᶜ ‎(head; hair knot) (Thai เกล้า ‎(glâo, hair; head)), and was used by Sagart to support his Sino-Austronesian hypothesis. Compare (OC *l'uːʔ, “path, road”) (with the same phonetic component) and its relationship with Proto-Hmong-Mien *kləuX ‎(road, way).

This word was replaced by (OC *doː, “head”) by the Zhanguo period, possibly due to early homophony with (OC *hnjɯwʔ, “hand”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (26)
Final: (136)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: shǒu
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕɨuX/ /ɕiuX/ /ɕiəuX/ /ɕuwX/ /ɕiuX/ /ɕĭəuX/ /ɕi̯ə̯uX/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (26)
Final: (136)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: shòu
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕɨuH/ /ɕiuH/ /ɕiəuH/ /ɕuwH/ /ɕiuH/ /ɕĭəuH/ /ɕi̯ə̯uH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shǒu ‹ syuwX › /*l̥uʔ/ head
shǒu ‹ syuwH › /*l̥uʔ-s/ turn the head towards

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11671 1 /*hljuʔ/
11672 1 /*hljus/

Definitions[edit]

  1. head
  2. chief, leader
  3. start, beginning
  4. first; best; highest
  5. poem
  6. to face (a direction)
  7. side, direction
  8. to report someone to the authorities
  9. Classifier for songs and poems.  all nouns using this classifier

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. neck
  2. counter for songs and poems
  3. beginning, first

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
くび
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana くび, romaji kubi)

  1. neck (part of the body connecting head and torso)
  2. the neck and head as a whole
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana おびと, romaji obito)

  1. (archaic) one who rules or commands a group of people; a chief

Etymology 3[edit]

kamipe > kampe > kaube > koːbe. Compound of either ‎(kami, upper) or ‎(kami, hair) with the suffix ‎(he, location).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana こうべ, romaji kōbe, historical hiragana かうべ)

  1. (part of the body) head

Etymology 4[edit]

Counter[edit]

‎(hiragana しゅ, romaji -shu)

  1. poems and songs

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(su)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: su, Yale: swu)
  • Name (hangeul): 머리 (revised: meori, McCune-Reischauer: mŏri)
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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thủ, thú)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.