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書.svg
U+66F8, 書
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-66F8

[U+66F7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+66F9]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
書-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 73 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 中土日 (LGA), four-corner 50601)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 502, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14294
  • Dae Jaweon: page 874, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1509, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+66F8

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
書-bronze.svg 書-bigseal.svg 書-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*rtaːʔ, *rtaː
*tjaː, *tja
*tjaːʔ
*tjaːʔ, *taːʔ
*tjaːʔ
*l̥ʰjaːʔ
*tʰjaːʔ
*djaː, *taː
*hljaː
*toːlʔ
*taː
*taː
*taːʔ
*taːʔ
*taːʔ
*taːʔ
*taːʔ
*taːʔ, *tʰaʔ
*daː, *da
*daː
*daː
*daː
*ljaʔ
*ta
*ta
*ta
*ta, *da
*ta
*taʔ, *tʰaʔ
*taʔ, *tas, *da, *taɡ, *daɡ
*tas, *das
*da
*da
*tja
*tja, *djas
*tja
*tjaʔ
*tjaʔ
*tjaʔ
*tjaʔ
*tjas
*djas
*djas
*djas
*hlja
*hjaʔ
*taɡ
*taɡ
*taɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hlja): semantic  + phonetic (OC *tjaːʔ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: chu/chir - vernacular, su/si/sir - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (26)
Final () (22)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨʌ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕiɔ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiɔ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕɨə̆/
Li
Rong
/ɕiɔ/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭo/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯wo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shū
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shū
Middle
Chinese
‹ syo ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-ta/
English write

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17013
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hlja/

Definitions[edit]

  1. book; codex   (Classifier: ; ; )
  2. collection of bamboo or wooden slips, the traditional form of records in China
  3. letter; document   (Classifier: ; )
  4. form of a written or printed Chinese character; style of calligraphy; script; font
  5. Chinese character
  6. the art of calligraphy
  7. (historical) ancient government post in charge of secretarial duties
  8. (historical) imperial edict
  9. storytelling
  10. to write
  11. Short for 書經书经 (Shūjīng, “the Classic of History”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
しょ
Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (syo, writing).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana しょ, romaji sho)

  1. document

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ふみ
Grade: 2
Irregular

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ふみ, romaji fumi)

  1. letter

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(seo) (hangeul , revised seo, McCune-Reischauer sŏ, Yale se)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thư)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.