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U+50B7, 傷
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-50B7

[U+50B6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+50B8]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +11, 13 strokes, cangjie input 人人日竹 (OOAH), four-corner 28227, composition𬀷)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 115, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1029
  • Dae Jaweon: page 244, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 211, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+50B7

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l̥ʰaːŋ, *l̥ʰaːŋs, *hljaŋ
*l̥ʰaːŋ, *l̥ʰaːŋʔ, *l'aːŋ, *l'aːŋs
*l̥ʰaːŋ
*l̥ʰaːŋ
*l̥ʰaːŋ, *l'aːŋʔ
*l̥ʰaːŋ, *l̥ʰaːŋs, *l'aːŋʔ
*l̥ʰaːŋʔ
*l̥ʰaːŋs, *l'aːŋʔ
*l̥ʰaːŋs
*l'aːŋ
*l'aːŋ, *l'aːŋs
*l'aːŋʔ
*l'aːŋʔ
*l'aːŋʔ
*l'aːŋʔ, *laŋ
*l'aːŋs
*l̥ʰaŋs
*l̥ʰaŋs
*l'aŋ
*l'aŋ
*hljaŋ, *hljaŋs
*hljaŋ
*hljaŋ
*hljaŋ, *hljaŋs
*hljaŋ, *laŋ
*hljaŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ, *laŋs
*laŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ, *laŋs
*laŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ, *laŋs
*laŋ, *rlaːŋʔ
*laŋ
*ljaːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hljaŋ, *hljaŋs): semantic  + phonetic 𥏻.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • siong/siang - literary;
  • siuⁿ/sioⁿ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (26) (26)
Final () (105) (105)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨɐŋ/ /ɕɨɐŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕiɐŋ/ /ɕiɐŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiɑŋ/ /ɕiɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕɨaŋ/ /ɕɨaŋH/
Li
Rong
/ɕiaŋ/ /ɕiaŋH/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭaŋ/ /ɕĭaŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯aŋ/ /ɕi̯aŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shāng shàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ syang ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥aŋ/
English wound

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 14581 14588
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljaŋ/ /*hljaŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. wound; injury
  2. to injure; to hurt
  3. to fall ill from
  4. distressed; sorrowful
  5. (Min Nan) too; excessively
  6. A surname​.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (too):
Dialectal synonyms of (“too; excessively”)
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou 得滯
Hong Kong 得滯
Taishan 得滯
Yangjiang 得滯
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Yilan
Lukang
Sanxia
Kinmen
Magong
Hsinchu
Malaysia
Chaozhou
Shantou
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
きず
Grade: 6
kun'yomi

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana きず, romaji kizu)

  1. injury, cut, scar
  2. chip, scratch, blemish, stain
See also[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sang) (hangeul , revised sang, McCune-Reischauer sang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thương)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.