消す

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "消す"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
消す [kèsú]
Imperative (命令形) 消せ [kèsé]
Key constructions
Passive 消される される [kèsárérú]
Causative 消させる させる [kèsásérú]
Potential 消せる せる [kèsérú]
Volitional 消そう [kèsóꜜò]
Negative 消さない さない [kèsánáí]
Negative perfective 消さなかった さなかった [kèsánáꜜkàttà]
Formal 消します しま [kèshímáꜜsù]
Perfective 消した した [kèshítá]
Conjunctive 消して して [kèshíté]
Hypothetical conditional 消せば [kèséꜜbà]

Verb[edit]

() (kesutransitive godan (stem () (keshi), past ()した (keshita))

Japanese verb pair
active 消す
mediopassive 消える
  1. to extinguish; to put out
    ()()
    hi o kesu
    extinguish fire
  2. to cut power; to turn off
    電気(でんき)()
    denki o kesu
    turn off the light
  3. to erase, to delete
    誤字(ごじ)()
    goji o kesu
    erase wrong letters
    データを()
    dēta o kesu
    erase the data
    (どく)()
    doku o kesu
    neutralize a poison
  4. to kill, to execute
    (まわ)(もの)()
    mawashimono o kesu
    kill a spy

Antonyms[edit]

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN