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Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English scar, scarre, a conflation of Old French escare (scab) (from Late Latin eschara, from Ancient Greek ἐσχάρα (eskhára, scab left from a burn)) and Middle English skar (incision, cut, fissure) (from Old Norse skarð (notch, chink, gap), from Proto-Germanic *skardaz (gap, cut, fragment)). Akin to Old Norse skor (notch, score), Old English sċeard (gap, cut, notch). More at shard.


scar (plural scars)

  1. A permanent mark on the skin, sometimes caused by the healing of a wound.
  2. (by extension) A permanent negative effect on someone's mind, caused by a traumatic experience.
    • 2011, O. P. Sharma, Be a Winner, →ISBN:
      Thus, it is wise to avoid cultivating an emotional scar, as it can play havoc with your happiness and success.
Related terms[edit]


scar (third-person singular simple present scars, present participle scarring, simple past and past participle scarred)

  1. (transitive) To mark the skin permanently.
    • Shakespeare
      Yet I'll not shed her blood; / Nor scar that whiter skin of hers than snow.
  2. (intransitive) To form a scar.
  3. (transitive, figuratively) To affect deeply in a traumatic manner.
    Seeing his parents die in a car crash scarred him for life.
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English scarre, skarr, skerre, sker, a borrowing from Old Norse sker (an isolated rock in the sea; skerry). Cognate with Icelandic sker, Norwegian skjær, Swedish skär, Danish skær. Doublet of skerry.


scar (plural scars)

  1. A cliff.
  2. A rock in the sea breaking out from the surface of the water.
  3. A bare rocky place on the side of a hill.
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Latin scarus (a kind of fish), from Ancient Greek σκάρος (skáros, parrot wrasse, Sparisoma cretense, syn. Scarus cretensis).


scar (plural scars)

  1. A marine food fish, the scarus or parrotfish (family Scaridae).

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for scar in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)




From Old Irish scaraid, from Proto-Celtic *skarati, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ker-.



scar (present analytic scarann, future analytic scarfaidh, verbal noun scaradh, past participle scartha)

  1. to sever
  2. to separate
    • 1939, Peig Sayers, “Inghean an Cheannaidhe”, printed in Marie-Louise Sjoestedt, Description d’un parler irlandais de Kerry, Bibliothèque de l'École des Hautes Études 270. Paris: Librairie Honoré Champion, p. 194:
      Do bhí brón mór air a bheith ag scaramhaint le n-a chailín ach ni raibh leigheas air, chaithfeadh sé imtheacht.
      He was very sorry to be separating from his girl, but it couldn’t be helped, he had to go.
  3. to tear asunder



Derived terms[edit]

  • soscartha (easily separated; isolable, adjective)

Further reading[edit]

  • scaraid” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • “scaraim” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 1st ed., 1904, by Patrick S. Dinneen, page 602.
  • "scar" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Entries containing “scar” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.
  • “scar” at the Historical Irish Corpus, 1600–1926 of the Royal Irish Academy.

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]



  1. third-person singular preterite conjunct of scaraid