- (Received Pronunciation) enPR: rŏk'i, IPA(key): /ˈɹɒki/, [ˈɹʷɒki]
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈɹɑki/, [ˈɹʷɑki]
Audio (Midwestern US) (file)
- (General Australian) IPA(key): /ˈɹɔki/, [ˈɹʷɔki]
- Rhymes: -ɒki
From Middle English rokki, rokky (“rocky”), from rok, rokke (“rock; a rock or stone; large rock by a coast or in the sea; rocky outcrop on a mountain, cliff; castle, citadel, stronghold”) [and other forms] + -i (suffix forming adjectives). Rok, rokke are derived from:
- Old English *rocc (“rock”); and
- Anglo-Norman roc, roce, roque, and Old French roce, roke, roque, variants of roche (“rock”);
both from Medieval Latin roca, rocca; further etymology uncertain, possibly of Celtic origin. The English word is analysable as rock + -y (suffix forming adjectives meaning ‘having the quality of’).
- Abounding in, or full of, rocks; consisting of rocks.
- a rocky mountain a rocky shore
- Like a rock; rigid, solid.
- Of an animal or plant: having a habitat around on on rocks.
- (figuratively, archaic) Not easily affected or impressed; hard; obdurate; unfeeling.
- to have a rocky heart
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
From rock (“to move back and forth”) + -y (suffix forming adjectives meaning ‘having the quality of’). Rock is derived from Middle English rokken (“to move (something, such as a cradle) back and forth; to move or sway back and forth in an unstable manner; to go”) […], from Old English roccian (“to rock”), from Proto-Germanic *rukkōną (“to move; to move back and forth, rock”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₃rewk- (“to dig; to till (soil)”).
- Easily rocked; unstable.
- Encountering many problems; difficult, troubled; also, in danger or distress.
- (originally US) Of a person: ill, or unsteady (for example, as a result of a shock).
- In the style of rock music.
- ^ “rokkī, adj.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
- ^ “rok(ke, n.(1)”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
- ^ “-ī̆, suf.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
- ^ Compare “rocky, adj.1”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, June 2021.
- “rocky, adj.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
- ^ “rocky, adj.2”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, June 2021.
- ^ “rokken, v.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
- ^ “rocky, adj.3”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, September 2019.
- rock (geology) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- rock music on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- Rocky (disambiguation) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia