kova

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See also: Kova and kovą

Finnish[edit]

(index k/o)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kova.

Adjective[edit]

kova  (comparative kovempi, superlative kovin)

  1. hard (of an object, resistant to pressure)
  2. hard, strict, harsh, sever, unfriendly, brutal (of behavior or character)
  3. tough, hard (demanding a lot of effort to endure)
  4. hard, heavy, severe, loud; very (having a high impact or influence)
    Älä soita niin kovaa!
    Don't play so loud!
    Radio on liian kovalla.
    The radio is too loud.
    Minulla on kova jano.
    I'm very thirsty.
  5. live (of ammunition)
    Tappaja väitti, että hän ei tiennyt aseen olevan ladattu kovilla panoksilla.
    The killer claimed that he didn't know that the weapon had been loaded with live rounds.
  6. high, ambitious, remarkable
    Heillä on kovat suunnitelmat - ensin valloitetaan Pohjoismaiden markkinat, sitten koko maailma.
    They have ambitious plans - first they will conquer the Nordic market, then the whole world.
    Pidän ilmapiiristä, mutta heidän hintansa ovat aika kovat.
    I like the atmosphere, but their prices are quite high.
  7. eager, devoted
    Hän on kova kalamies.
    He's an eager fisherman.
    Hän on kova Kärppä-fani.
    He's a devoted fan of the Kärpät.
  8. hard, hardworking
    Hän on kova työmies.
    He's a hard worker.
  9. excellent, great, well-known
    Alle kaksi tuntia on kova aika maratonilla.
    Less than two hours is an excellent time on a marathon.
    Niin, mutta olenkin kovassa kunnossa. Olen kova nimi urheilupiireissä.
    Yes, but I'm in a great shape. I'm a well-known name in the sports circles.
  10. (physics, ferromagnetism) hard (of material: having the capability of being a permanent magnet)
  11. (finance) unregulated, market-rate, unsubsidized, hard; special uses, see usexes:
    ~ valuutta : hard currency (globally traded currency that is expected to serve as a reliable and stable store of value)
    ~ raha : unsubsidized financing; especially as opposite to aravalaina (type of subsidized loan for social housing)
  12. (of light) hard (intensive and creating disagreeable and abrupt contrasts in colour or shading)
  13. (of water) hard (high on dissolved calcium and other minerals)
  14. (phonetics) hard, unvoiced (pronounced without using the vocal cords)
  15. (vulgar) hard (of a man, sexually aroused)
  16. (pornography) hard, hardcore

Declension[edit]

Inflection of kova (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative kova kovat
genitive kovan kovien
partitive kovaa kovia
illative kovaan koviin
singular plural
nominative kova kovat
accusative nom.? kova kovat
gen. kovan
genitive kovan kovien
kovainrare
partitive kovaa kovia
inessive kovassa kovissa
elative kovasta kovista
illative kovaan koviin
adessive kovalla kovilla
ablative kovalta kovilta
allative kovalleˣ kovilleˣ
essive kovana kovina
translative kovaksi koviksi
instructive kovin
abessive kovatta kovitta
comitative kovine

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkovɒ/
  • Hyphenation: ko‧va

Noun[edit]

kova (plural kovák)

  1. flint

Kilivila[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kova

  1. fire

References[edit]


Lithuanian[edit]

Lithuanian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia lt

Etymology[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (ko) IPA(key): [koːˈvɐ]
  • (va) IPA(key): [ˈkǒːvɐ]

Noun[edit]

kovà f (plural kõvos) stress pattern 4 [2]

  1. fight, struggle

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “kuć” in Aleksander Brückner (1985), Słownik etymologiczny języka polskiego, Warsaw: Wiedza Powszechna (reprint of the 1927 edition), page 279
  2. ^ “kova” in Juozas Balčikonis [et al.] (1954), Dabartinės lietuvių kalbos žodynas. Vilnius: Valstybinė politinės ir mokslinės literatūros leidykla.
  • “kova” in Victoria Martsinkyavitshute (2012), Hippocrene Concise Dictionary: Lithuanian-English/English-Lithuanian, Seventh printing. New York: Hippocrene Books. ISBN 978-0-7818-0151-5

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈkɔvɑ]
  • Hyphenation: ko‧va

Noun[edit]

kova (definite accusative kovayı, plural kovalar)

  1. bucket

Declension[edit]


Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kova.

Adjective[edit]

kova (genitive singular kovan, partitive singular kovad, partitive plural kovid)

  1. hard (not soft)
  2. solid
  3. stiff, rigid
  4. strong
  5. strict, stern
  6. harsh, severe

Inflection[edit]

References[edit]