From Middle English roke (“fog, vapour, cloud”), probably from Middle Dutch roke, rooc (“smoke”), from Old Dutch rouc (“steam, vapour”), from Proto-Germanic *raukiz (“smoke”), from Proto-Indo-European *rewg- (“to erupt, vomit, burp”), from Proto-Indo-European *rew- (“to roar, growl, grumble”). Cognate with Scots rok, roik, rouk (“mist, fog, cloud”), Dutch rook (“smoke, fog”), German Rauch (“smoke, fume”), Swedish rök (“smoke, fume, steam, reek”), West Frisian reek, riik (“smoke, fume”). More at reek.
- Rhymes: -əʊk
roke (plural rokes)
- (Britain, dialect) mist; smoke; damp
- (Britain, dialect) A vein of ore.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Halliwell to this entry?)
Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for roke in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)
- (archaic) singular past subjunctive of ruiken
- (archaic) singular past subjunctive of rieken
- (archaic) singular present subjunctive of roken