fog

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See also: FOG

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Trees in fog

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /fɒɡ/
  • (US) often IPA(key): /fɑɡ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɒɡ

Etymology 1[edit]

Origin uncertain; but probably of North Germanic origin, from Danish fog (spray, shower, drift, storm), related to Icelandic fok (spray, any light thing tossed by the wind, snowdrift), Icelandic fjúka (to blow, drive), from Proto-Germanic *feukaną (to whisk, blow), from Proto-Indo-European *pug- (billow, bulge, drift), from *pew-, *pow- (to blow, drift, billow). Related to German fauchen (to hiss).

Noun[edit]

fog (countable and uncountable, plural fogs)

  1. (uncountable) A thick cloud that forms near the ground; the obscurity of such a cloud.
    • 1913, Mrs. [Marie] Belloc Lowndes, chapter I, in The Lodger, London: Methuen, OCLC 7780546; republished in Novels of Mystery: The Lodger; The Story of Ivy; What Really Happened, New York, N.Y.: Longmans, Green and Co., 55 Fifth Avenue, [1933], OCLC 2666860, page 0016:
      Thus the red damask curtains which now shut out the fog-laden, drizzling atmosphere of the Marylebone Road, had cost a mere song, and yet they might have been warranted to last another thirty years. A great bargain also had been the excellent Axminster carpet which covered the floor; [].
  2. (uncountable) A mist or film clouding a surface.
  3. A state of mind characterized by lethargy and confusion.
    He did so many drugs, he was still in a fog three months after going through detox.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 4, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      I was on my way to the door, but all at once, through the fog in my head, I began to sight one reef that I hadn't paid any attention to afore.
  4. (photography) A silver deposit or other blur on a negative or developed photographic image.
  5. (computer graphics) Distance fog.
Usage notes[edit]
  • To count sense thick cloud, bank of fog is usually used.
  • To count sense clouding a surface, foggy patch is usually used.
Synonyms[edit]
  • (cloud that forms at a low altitude and obscures vision): mist, haze
  • (mist or film clouding a surface): steam
  • (state of mind characterized by lethargy and confusion): daze, haze
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Verb[edit]

fog (third-person singular simple present fogs, present participle fogging, simple past and past participle fogged)

  1. (intransitive) To become covered with or as if with fog.
  2. (intransitive) To become obscured in condensation or water.
    The mirror fogged every time he showered.
  3. (intransitive, photography) To become dim or obscure.
  4. (transitive) To cover with or as if with fog.
    • 1968, Eighth Annual Report, Metropolitan Corporation of Greater Winnipeg, p 7:
      Fogging for adult mosquito control began on June 4th in residential areas. Until September 25th, the Metro area was fogged eleven times, using nine truck-mounted foggers, eight hand swing foggers, and two boats.
  5. (transitive) To disperse insecticide into (a forest canopy) so as to collect organisms.
  6. (transitive) To obscure in condensation or water.
    • 2008, United States Congress, House Committee on Financial Services. Subcommittee on Housing and Community Opportunity - Foreclosure, Foreclosure Prevention and Intervention: The Importance of Loss Mitigation, page 46:
      Unfortunately, the pendulum has swung way too far to the other end where the saying in the industry is is that if you could fog a mirror, you could get a loan.
  7. (transitive) To make confusing or obscure.
  8. (transitive, photography) To make dim or obscure.
  9. To practice in a small or mean way; to pettifog.
    • John Dryden
      Where wouldst thou fog to get a fee?
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Origin uncertain. Compare Scots fog (moss; lichen), Norwegian fogg.

Noun[edit]

fog (uncountable)

  1. A new growth of grass appearing on a field that has been mowed or grazed.
  2. (Britain, dialectal) Tall and decaying grass left standing after the cutting or grazing season; foggage.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Halliwell to this entry?)
  3. (Scotland) Moss.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

fog (third-person singular simple present fogs, present participle fogging, simple past and past participle fogged)

  1. (transitive) To pasture cattle on the fog, or aftergrass, of; to eat off the fog from.
  2. (intransitive) To become covered with the kind of grass called fog.

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Uralic *piŋe (tooth). Cognates include Mansi пуӈк (puŋk), Finnish pii.

Noun[edit]

fog (plural fogak)

  1. (anatomy) tooth
    Ez a fog lyukas.This tooth has a cavity.
  2. tooth, cog
    Egy átlagos hegyikerékpár hátsó fogaskerekein rendre 11, 13, 15, 18, 21, 24, 34 fog van.
    There are 11, 13, 15, 18, 21, 24 and 34 teeth on a standard mountain bike's rear sprockets.
  3. tooth (a sharp projection on a saw or similar implement)
    A fűrész egyik foga hiányzik.One of the saw’s teeth is missing.
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in -a-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative fog fogak
accusative fogat fogakat
dative fognak fogaknak
instrumental foggal fogakkal
causal-final fogért fogakért
translative foggá fogakká
terminative fogig fogakig
essive-formal fogként fogakként
essive-modal
inessive fogban fogakban
superessive fogon fogakon
adessive fognál fogaknál
illative fogba fogakba
sublative fogra fogakra
allative foghoz fogakhoz
elative fogból fogakból
delative fogról fogakról
ablative fogtól fogaktól
Possessive forms of fog
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. fogam fogaim
2nd person sing. fogad fogaid
3rd person sing. foga fogai
1st person plural fogunk fogaink
2nd person plural fogatok fogaitok
3rd person plural foguk fogaik
Derived terms[edit]
Compound words
Expressions

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Ugric *puŋɜ- (to grasp, catch). Cognates include Mansi пуви (puwi, puγi, puw-, puγ-).[1][2]

Verb[edit]

fog

  1. (transitive) to hold (to keep in one's hands)
    • 1983, Mihály Padisák, chapter I, in Gyalog Juli[1] (in Hungarian):
      Valaki ült is mellette, fogta a kezét, de az arcát valahogy nem látta.
      Somebody was sitting next to her, held her hand, but somehow she couldn't see his face.
  2. (transitive) to take (to get into one's hands)
    • 1885, Mór Jókai, chapter XXIII, in A lőcsei fehér asszony (in Hungarian):
      Itt van, fogd ezt a levelet; és aztán olvasd el, mikor egyedül leszesz.
      Here, take this letter; read it when you'll be alone.
  3. (transitive) to catch, to capture
    • 1969, Tekla Dömötör (editor), “Történetek a ravasz nyulacskáról”, in A mesemondó szikla[2] (in Hungarian):
      Mikor eljött az ebédidő, medve koma úgy látta, hogy elég halat fogott, s elhatározta, hogy hazamegy.
      When lunchtime came, uncle bear found that he has caught enough fish and decided to go home.
  4. (transitive, broadcasting) to receive
    • 1996, István Kamarás; István Péter Németh, “Világverseny a berekben”, in Origósdi[3] (in Hungarian):
      Egyébként egészen jól lehetett fogni az adást.
      As a matter of fact, I received the broadcast quite clearly.
  5. (transitive, by extension, slang) to listen to, to hear, to understand
    • 2007, Csilla Tóth, chapter 4, in Körbe ég (in Hungarian):
      Fogod, amit mondok? Észnél vagy?
      Do you hear what I'm sayin'? Are you out of your mind?
  6. (transitive or intransitive followed by rajta) to affect, to have an effect on, to harm
    • 1998, Ervin Lázár, chapter 3, in A fehér tigris[4] (in Hungarian):
      Valaki azt is mondta, hogy le akarták lőni, de nem fogja a golyó.
      Someone even said that they wanted to shoot it, but bullets wouldn't harm it.
  7. (intransitive) to write (of a pen, to leave a mark)
    • 2009, Attila Salga, “A félresikerült randi”, in Mi lenne velem nélkülem?[5] (in Hungarian):
      Olyan furcsa volt, ahogyan felírta a rendelést: nem fogott a tolla, és elkezdte rázni.
      It was strange, the way she took the order: her pen wouldn't write, and she started shaking it.
  8. (intransitive) to transfer (of ink or dye, to leave a stain upon contact)
    • 1980, Károly Gombos, “Régi kaukázusi azerbajdzsán szőnyegek”, in Művészettörténeti értesítő[6] (in Hungarian):
      A rossz festékekkel megfestett újabb szőnyegeken a kék színek fognak, mosás közben kék színt eresztenek [...]
      In newer carpets dyed with poor dyes, the blue colors transfer, they bleed blue color when being washed [...]
  9. (transitive, ball games) to mark (to follow a player not in possession of the ball when defending)
    • 1960, György Cseuz, “Csak a Csepel Autó nyert”, in Pest Megyei Hírlap[7] (in Hungarian):
      Csikós I nem fogta a balösszekötőt, az kiugrott és gólt lőtt.
      Csikós I didn't mark the inside left, who sprang forward and scored a goal.
  10. (auxiliary with a verb in the infinitive) will, going to (used to form the future tense)
    • 1924, Margarete Böhme, Elza Pogány, transl., Egy mozgalmas élet története[8] (in Hungarian):
      Most azonban jó lesz sietve hazamenni, mert mindjárt esni fog.
      But now we'd better go home quickly, because it's going to rain soon.
  11. (reflexive followed by és) to up and (to do something abruptly or unexpectedly)
    • 2004, Csaba Fecske, “A rokonok”, in Csalapinta villanytörpék[9] (in Hungarian):
      Fogta magát és szó nélkül berohant a szobájába.
      He just up and ran off into his room without a word.
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
With verbal prefixes
Expressions

References[edit]

  1. ^ Entry #1830 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
  2. ^ Gábor Zaicz, Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete, Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

fog n (not commonly inflected)

  1. Valid cause, valid reason.
    Hon har fog för sin oro.
    "She has reason to be worried."
  2. (dated) Appropriate manner to proceed.

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

fog c

  1. joint, seam
    Fogarna mellan kakelplattorna hade blivit missfärgade med åren.
    "The joints between the glazed tiles had become discoloured with the years."

Declension[edit]

Declension of fog 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative fog fogen fogar fogarna
Genitive fogs fogens fogars fogarnas

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]