туман

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Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Attested since the 17th century. Borrowed from a Turkic source. Ultimately, probably from Proto-Turkic *dum (cold), or from Avestan 𐬛𐬎𐬥𐬨𐬀𐬥 (dunman, fog, mist), 𐬛𐬎𐬎𐬄𐬥𐬨𐬀𐬥 (duuąnman, cloud).

Compare Turkish duman, Kazakh тұман (tuman), Tatar томан (toman), Persian دود (dūd): دودمان (dūdmān, smoke, soot).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

тума́н (tumánm inan (genitive тума́на, nominative plural тума́ны, genitive plural тума́нов)

  1. (meteorology) fog
    быть как в тума́неbytʹ kak v tumáneto be in a fog (state of mind)
    напусти́ть тума́нуnapustítʹ tumánuto equivocate; to beat around the bush

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “туман”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “туман”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 2, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 270