From Middle English collecten, a borrowing from Old French collecter, from Medieval Latin collectare (“to collect money”), from Latin collecta (“a collection of money, in Late Latin a meeting, assemblage, in Medieval Latin a tax, also an assembly for prayer, a prayer”), feminine of collectus, past participle of colligere, conligere (“to gather together, collect, consider, conclude, infer”), from com- (“together”) + legere (“to gather”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *leǵ- (“to gather, collect”).
- (transitive) To gather together; amass.
- 2013 July-August, Henry Petroski, “Geothermal Energy”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 4:
- Energy has seldom been found where we need it when we want it. Ancient nomads, wishing to ward off the evening chill and enjoy a meal around a campfire, had to collect wood and then spend time and effort coaxing the heat of friction out from between sticks to kindle a flame.
- Suzanne collected all the papers she had laid out.
- The team uses special equipment to collect data on temperature, wind speed and rainfall.
- (transitive) To get; particularly, get from someone.
- A bank collects a monthly payment on a client's new car loan. A mortgage company collects a monthly payment on a house.
- (transitive) To accumulate (a number of similar or related objects), particularly for a hobby or recreation.
- John Henry collects stamps.
- I don't think he collects as much as hoards.
- My friend from school has started to collects mangas and novels recently
- 2020 June 17, Stefanie Foster, “A window into the railways of the past”, in Rail, page 54:
- Over the course of 60 years, W E Hayward collected thousands of railway-related objects, including clothing, buttons, cutlery, timetables, tickets, name, number and builder's plates, books and booklets, cuttings and extracts from publications, letters, photographs and postcards.
- (transitive, now rare) To form a conclusion; to deduce, infer. (Compare gather, get.)
- c 1725, John Walker, William Burton (of Bloomsbury), Essays and correspondence, chiefly on Scriptural subjects:
- From the latter passages we may collect, that the expression "he that cometh" was, with the Jews, a kind of title distinguishing the Messiah
- 1992, Hilary Mantel, A Place of Greater Safety, Harper Perennial, published 2007, pages 292–3:
- the riot is so great that it is very difficult to collect what is being said.
- (intransitive, often with on or against) To collect payments.
- He had a lot of trouble collecting on that bet he made.
- (intransitive) To come together in a group or mass.
- The rain collected in puddles.
- (transitive) To infer; to conclude.
- (transitive, of a vehicle or driver) To collide with or crash into (another vehicle or obstacle).
- The truck veered across the central reservation and collected a car that was travelling in the opposite direction.
- (to gather together): aggregate, gather up; see also Thesaurus:round up
- (to get from someone): receive, secure; see also Thesaurus:receive
- (to accumulate items for a hobby): amound, gather; see also Thesaurus:accumulate
- (to infer, conclude, form a conclusion): assume, construe
- (to collect payments):
- (to come together in a group or mass): group, mass, merge; see also Thesaurus:assemble or Thesaurus:coalesce
- (to collide with): bump into, plough into, run into
collect (not comparable)
- To be paid for by the recipient, as a telephone call or a shipment.
- It was to be a collect delivery, but no-one was available to pay.
collect (not comparable)
- With payment due from the recipient.
- I had to call collect.
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈkɑlɪkt/, /ˈkɑlɛkt/
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈkɒlɪkt/, /ˈkɒlɛkt/
Audio (Southern England) (file)
collect (plural collects) (sometimes capitalized)
- (Christianity) The prayer said before the reading of the epistle lesson, especially one found in a prayerbook, as with the Book of Common Prayer.
- He used the day's collect as the basis of his sermon.