hobby

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See also: Hobby

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Rhymes: -ɒbi
  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈhɒ.bi/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈhɑ.bi/
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

Shortened from hobby-horse, from Middle English hoby, hobyn, hobin (small horse, pony), from Old French hobi, *haubi, haubby, hobin ("a nag, hobby"; > Modern French aubin, Italian ubino), of Germanic origin: from Old French hober, ober (to stir, move), from Old Dutch hobben (to toss, move up and down); or from North Germanic origin related to Danish hoppe (a mare), Old Swedish hoppa (a young mare), North Frisian hoppe (horse); both ultimately from Proto-Germanic *huppōną (to hop), from Proto-Indo-European *kewb- (to bend; a bend, joint). More at hop, hobble.

The meaning of hobby-horse shifted from "small horse, pony" to "child's toy riding horse" to "favorite pastime or avocation" with the connecting notion being "activity that doesn't go anywhere". Possibly originally from a proper name for a horse, a diminutive of Robert or Robin (compare dobbin).

Noun[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

hobby (plural hobbies)

  1. An activity that one enjoys doing in one's spare time.
    I like to collect stamps from different countries as a hobby.
    take up a hobby
    give up your hobby
  2. (equestrianism) An extinct breed of horse native to the British Isles, also known as the Irish Hobby
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Catalan: hobby
  • Danish: hobby
  • Dutch: hobby
  • French: hobby
  • Galician: hobby
  • German: Hobby
  • Italian: hobby
  • Norwegian Bokmål: hobby
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: hobby
  • Polish: hobby
  • Portuguese: hobby
  • Romanian: hobby
  • Russian: хобби (xobbi)
  • Spanish: hobby
  • Swedish: hobby
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

From Middle English hoby, hobeye, from Old French hobé, hobei, hobet, from Medieval Latin hopētus, diminutive of harpe.

Noun[edit]

hobby (plural hobbies)

  1. Any of four species of small falcons in the genus Falco, especially Falco subbuteo.
    • 2011, Thomas Penn, Winter King, Penguin 2012, page 323:
      He hawked – from nearby Esher, Richard Fox sent a servant with a hobby, which Henry received enthusiastically – and hunted, sending a present of freshly slaughtered deer to Princess Mary.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English hobby.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hobby m (plural hobbies)

  1. hobby
    Synonym: passatemps

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Czech[edit]

Noun[edit]

hobby n

  1. hobby (activity)

Danish[edit]

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Etymology[edit]

From English hobby.

Noun[edit]

hobby c (singular definite hobbyen, plural indefinite hobbyer)

  1. hobby (activity)

Inflection[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English hobby.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: hob‧by

Noun[edit]

hobby m (plural hobby's, diminutive hobby'tje n)

  1. hobby (activity)

Synonyms[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈhobi/, [ˈho̞bi]
  • IPA(key): /ˈhobːi/, [ˈho̞bːi]

Noun[edit]

hobby

  1. (dated, now nonstandard) Synonym of harrastus (hobby).
    • 1938, Sinclair Lewis; Väinö Jaakkola (translator), Tuhlaajavanhemmat: romaani [The Prodigal Parents], W. Söderström:
      En luulisi teillä olevan kirouksenanne hobbyja, kuten minulla on.
      I shouldn't have thought you were cursed with hobbies, as I am.
    • 1953, Eduskunta (Finnish Parliament), Pöytäkirjat (Minutes):
      Sellainen henkilö, joka itse ei ole harrastanut tätä hobbya, virkistyskalastusta, (...)
      A person who hasn't themselves tried this hobby, recreational fishing, (...)
    • 1967, Yrjö A. Jäntti; Martti Haavio, Suomen sana: kansalliskirjallisuutemme valiolukemisto, volume 24, W. Söderström:
      Hobbyjen ei tarvitse noudattaa jo edellä mainittua kaupallista linjaa.
      Hobbies need not be commercial in the same way as previously mentioned.

Declension[edit]

Inflection of hobby (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative hobby hobbyt
genitive hobbyn hobbyjen
partitive hobbya hobbyja
illative hobbyyn hobbyihin
singular plural
nominative hobby hobbyt
accusative nom. hobby hobbyt
gen. hobbyn
genitive hobbyn hobbyjen
partitive hobbya hobbyja
inessive hobbyssa hobbyissa
elative hobbysta hobbyista
illative hobbyyn hobbyihin
adessive hobbylla hobbyilla
ablative hobbylta hobbyilta
allative hobbylle hobbyille
essive hobbyna hobbyina
translative hobbyksi hobbyiksi
instructive hobbyin
abessive hobbytta hobbyitta
comitative hobbyineen
Possessive forms of hobby (type valo)
possessor singular plural
1st person hobbyni hobbymme
2nd person hobbysi hobbynne
3rd person hobbynsa

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English hobby.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hobby m (plural hobbies or hobbys)

  1. hobby (activity)
    Synonym: passe-temps

Further reading[edit]


Interlingua[edit]

Noun[edit]

hobby

  1. hobby (activity)

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English hobby.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hobby m (invariable)

  1. hobby (activity)

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • hobby in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

From English hobby.

Noun[edit]

hobby m (definite singular hobbyen, indefinite plural hobbyer, definite plural hobbyene)

  1. a hobby (leisure activity)

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From English hobby.

Noun[edit]

hobby m (definite singular hobbyen, indefinite plural hobbyar, definite plural hobbyane)

  1. a hobby (leisure activity)

References[edit]


Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from English hobby.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈxɔb.bi/, /ˈxɔb.bɨ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɔbbi
  • Syllabification: hob‧by

Noun[edit]

hobby n (indeclinable)

  1. hobby (activity)
    Synonyms: pasja, konik, zamiłowanie

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • hobby in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • hobby in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from English hobby.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hobby m (plural hobbies)

  1. hobby (an activity that one enjoys doing in one’s spare time)
    Synonym: passatempo

Further reading[edit]

  • hobby” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English hobby.

Noun[edit]

hobby n (plural hobby-uri)

  1. hobby

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from English hobby.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈxobi/, [ˈxo.β̞i]

Noun[edit]

hobby m (plural hobbys)

  1. hobby (activity)

Usage notes[edit]

According to Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) prescriptions, unadapted foreign words should be written in italics in a text printed in roman type, and vice versa, and in quotation marks in a manuscript text or when italics are not available. In practice, this RAE prescription is not always followed.

Further reading[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from English hobby.

Noun[edit]

hobby c

  1. hobby (activity)

Declension[edit]

Declension of hobby 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative hobby hobbyn hobbyer hobbyerna
Genitive hobbys hobbyns hobbyers hobbyernas

Further reading[edit]