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See also: Ober



Infinitive from Old Breton oper. Conjugation forms in gr- from an earlier gwr-, itself from Proto-Celtic *wrego-, cognate with Welsh gwneud (older forms with initial gwr-) and Cornish gwul (all forms in gwr-).



  1. (transitive) to do, make
  2. (auxiliary) used as an auxiliary verb to conjugate any verb
    • Gwerzhañ a ran ma zi hiziv.
      I sell my house today ("Sell I do my house today").


Personal forms
Indicative Conditional Imperative
Present Imperfect Preterite Future Present Imperfect
1s gran graen gris grin grafen grajen -
2s grez graes grejout gri grafes grajes gra
3s gra grae greas gray, graio grafe graje graet
1p greomp graemp grejomp graimp grafemp grajemp greomp
2p grit graec'h grejoc'h greot grafec'h grajec'h grit
3p greont graent grejont graint grafent grajent graent
0 greer graed grejod greor grafed grajed -
Impersonal forms Mutated forms
Infinitive: ober, gober
Present participle: oc'h ober
Past particple: graet (auxiliary verb: kaout)
Soft mutation after a: a ra-
Mixed mutation after e: e ra-
Soft mutation after ne/na: ne/na ra-


  • All forms of this verb with initial gr- are found with particle (a, e) and take a particular mutation that makes the initial g- disappear, thus we have a ran, e reomp instead of *a c'hran, *e c'hreomp. This particularity is a remnant of the older gwr- initial vowel of this verb, gw- words regularly taking w- after particles a or e.

Derived terms[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]



From German Ober, short for Oberkellner ‎(head waiter). Compare Dutch kelner, which is also borrowed from German. In both Dutch and German, the distinction between ober/Ober and kelner/Kellner is now neglected.



ober c ‎(plural obers, diminutive obertje n)

  1. waiter
    Laten we de ober roepen, dan kunnen we bestellen.
    Let's call the waiter, then we can order.