gris

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See also: grís and gris'

Asturian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gris (epicene, plural grises)

  1. grey; gray

Noun[edit]

gris m (plural grises)

  1. grey; gray

Basque[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish gris.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɡris̺/, [ɡris̺]

Adjective[edit]

gris (comparative grisago, superlative grisen, excessive grisegi)

  1. gray, grey
  2. dreary
  3. sad
  4. neutral; having an indistinct, disputed or uncertain quality

Declension[edit]

Declension of gris (adjective, ending in consonant)
indefinite singular plural
absolutive gris grisa grisak
ergative grisek grisak grisek
dative grisi grisari grisei
genitive grisen grisaren grisen
comitative grisekin grisarekin grisekin
causative grisengatik grisarengatik grisengatik
benefactive grisentzat grisarentzat grisentzat
instrumental grisez grisaz grisez
inessive anim. grisengan grisarengan grisengan
inanim. grisetan grisean grisetan
locative anim.
inanim. grisetako griseko grisetako
allative anim. grisengana grisarengana grisengana
inanim. grisetara grisera grisetara
terminative anim. grisenganaino grisarenganaino grisenganaino
inanim. grisetaraino griseraino grisetaraino
directive anim. grisenganantz grisarenganantz grisenganantz
inanim. grisetarantz griserantz grisetarantz
destinative anim. grisenganako grisarenganako grisenganako
inanim. grisetarako griserako grisetarako
ablative anim. grisengandik grisarengandik grisengandik
inanim. grisetatik grisetik grisetatik
partitive grisik
prolative gristzat

Noun[edit]

gris inan

  1. gray, grey

Declension[edit]

Declension of gris (inanimate, ending in consonant)
indefinite singular plural
absolutive gris grisa grisak
ergative grisek grisak grisek
dative grisi grisari grisei
genitive grisen grisaren grisen
comitative grisekin grisarekin grisekin
causative grisengatik grisarengatik grisengatik
benefactive grisentzat grisarentzat grisentzat
instrumental grisez grisaz grisez
inessive grisetan grisean grisetan
locative grisetako griseko grisetako
allative grisetara grisera grisetara
terminative grisetaraino griseraino grisetaraino
directive grisetarantz griserantz grisetarantz
destinative grisetarako griserako grisetarako
ablative grisetatik grisetik grisetatik
partitive grisik
prolative gristzat

See also[edit]

Colors in Basque · koloreak (layout · text)
     zuri      gris      beltz
             gorri              laranja; marroi              hori
                          berde             
                          oztin              urdin
             ubel              more              arrosa

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Frankish *gris.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gris (feminine grisa, masculine plural grisos, feminine plural grises)

  1. grey

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

gris m (plural grisos)

  1. grey

See also[edit]

Colors in Catalan · colors (layout · text)
     blanc      gris      negre
             roig, vermell; carmesí              taronja; marró              groc; crema
             verd llima              verd             
             cian; xarxet              atzur              blau
             violat; indi              magenta; lila, porpra              rosa

Further reading[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse gríss.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gris c (singular definite grisen, plural indefinite grise)

  1. pig (mammal of the family Suidae)
    Synonym: svin
  2. pork (meat from a pig)
    Synonyms: grisekød, svin, svinekød
Inflection[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gris

  1. imperative of grise

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gris

  1. first-person singular present indicative of grissen
  2. imperative of grissen

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French or Old Occitan, both from Frankish *grīs, from Proto-Germanic *grīsaz (grey). Akin to Old High German grīs (grey) (German greis) and Dutch grijs (grey). More at grizzle.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gris (feminine grise, masculine plural gris, feminine plural grises)

  1. grey, gray
  2. (colloquial) drunk, tipsy
    • 1924, Emmanuel Bove, Mes Amis[1]:
      Si je n’avais pas été gris, je n’aurais certes pas étalé mes papiers. Ils ont dû ennuyer Billard.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

gris m (plural gris)

  1. gray

Descendants[edit]

  • Louisiana Creole French: gri
  • Mauritian Creole: gri
  • Portuguese: griso
  • Seychellois Creole: gri

See also[edit]

Colors in French · couleurs (layout · text)
     blanc      gris      noir
             rouge; cramoisi              orange; brun              jaune; crème
             vert citron              vert              menthe
             cyan; bleu canard              azur              bleu
             violet; indigo              magenta; pourpre              rose

Further reading[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese gris (13th century, Cantigas de Santa Maria), from Old French gris, from Frankish *grīs, from Proto-Germanic *grīsaz (grey).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gris

  1. grey
  2. (archaic, of pelts) of squirrel

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • gris” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2022.
  • gris” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006–2018.
  • gris” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • gris” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • gris” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

German Low German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare German greis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gris

  1. (in some dialects) grey

See also[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse gríss, potentially from or related to Proto-Germanic *grīsaz (grey).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gris (plural grises)

  1. A young pig, grice
  2. The meat of such a pig.
  3. A boar
Descendants[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

gris (plural grises)

  1. Alternative form of grys

Norman[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French or Old Occitan, in either case from Proto-Germanic *grēwaz (grey), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰregʰwos (grey), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰer- (to glow, shine).

Adjective[edit]

gris m

  1. grey
  2. (Jersey) drunk

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse gríss.

Noun[edit]

gris m (definite singular grisen, indefinite plural griser, definite plural grisene)

  1. a pig
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

gris

  1. imperative of grise

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse gríss.

Noun[edit]

gris m (definite singular grisen, indefinite plural griser or grisar, definite plural grisene or grisane)

  1. a pig

Synonyms[edit]

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Frankish *grīs, from Proto-Germanic *grīsaz (grey).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gris m (oblique and nominative feminine singular grise)

  1. gray

Old Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old French gris, from Frankish *grīs, from Proto-Germanic *grīsaz (grey).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gris

  1. grey (having a colour between white and black)

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

Colors in Old Portuguese · coores, colores (layout · text)
     branco, blanco, alvo      gris      negro, preto
             vermello              castanho              amarelo
                          verde             
                                       azur
                          cardẽo              rosa

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese gris, from Old French gris, from Proto-Germanic *grīsaz (grey).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

  • Hyphenation: gris

Adjective[edit]

gris (invariable)

  1. grey (having a colour between white and black)
    Synonyms: cinza, cinzento, acinzentado

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

gris m (uncountable)

  1. grey (the colour between white and black)
    Synonym: cinza

See also[edit]

Colors in Portuguese · cores (layout · text)
     branco, alvo, cândido      cinza, gris,
cinzento
     preto, negro, atro
             vermelho,
encarnado, rubro,
salmão; carmim
             laranja,
cor-de-laranja; castanho,
marrom
             amarelo, lúteo; creme,
ocre
             verde-limão              verde, verde claro             
             ciano,
turquesa; azul-petróleo
             azul céu,
azul-celeste
             azul,índigo,
anil
             violeta,
lilás
             magenta; roxo, púrpura              rosa,
cor-de-rosa, rosa-choque

Romanian[edit]

Noun[edit]

gris n (uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of griș

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Occitan or Old Occitan gris, from Frankish *gris, from Proto-Germanic *grisa (grey), *grēwaz (grey).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡɾis/, [ˈɡɾis]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: gris

Adjective[edit]

gris (plural grises)

  1. grey, gray
    materia grisgrey matter

Descendants[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

gris m (plural grises)

  1. grey, gray

See also[edit]

Colors in Spanish · colores (layout · text)
     blanco      gris      negro
             rojo; carmín, carmesí              naranja, anaranjado; marrón              amarillo; crema
             lima              verde              menta
             cian, turquesa; azul-petróleo              celeste, cerúleo              azul
             violeta; añil, índigo              magenta; morado, púrpura              rosa

Further reading[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse gríss.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gris c

  1. a pig; mammal of the genus Sus
  2. a piglet; young of the pig
    Synonym: griskulting
  3. a nasty or dirty person
    Du är en riktig gris
    You are such a pig.

Declension[edit]

Declension of gris 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative gris grisen grisar grisarna
Genitive gris grisens grisars grisarnas

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English grease.

Noun[edit]

gris

  1. lipid (oil, fat, grease, etc)
  2. flattery
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Port Moresby: Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Jenesis 3:1:
      God, Bikpela i bin wokim olgeta animal, tasol i no gat wanpela bilong ol inap winim snek long tok gris. Na snek i askim meri olsem, “Ating God i tambuim yutupela long kaikai pikinini bilong olgeta diwai bilong gaden, a?”
      →New International Version translation

Related terms[edit]

This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Tok Pisin is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English grece, from Old French grez, plural of gré, from Latin gradus. Doublet of gradd.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gris f or m (plural grisiau)

  1. step, stair

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
gris ris ngris unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.