polis

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See also: Polis, polís, pólis, poliš, and -polis

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ancient Greek πόλις (pólis, fortified town; city state).

Noun[edit]

polis (plural poleis or polises)

  1. (historical) A Greek city-state.
    • 2006, Karen Armstrong, The Great Transformation, Atlantic Books 2007, p. 161:
      By the end of the century, poleis had been established throughout the Hellenic world, all bearing a marked family resemblance.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Standard English police, compare Scots polis.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

polis (countable and uncountable, plural polises)

  1. (uncountable, Scotland, Ireland, Geordie) The police.
  2. (countable, Scotland, Ireland, Geordie) A police officer.
Synonyms[edit]
References[edit]
  • Oxford Dictionaries Online. "polis". 2015.
  • A Dictionary of North East Dialect, Bill Griffiths, 2005, Northumbria University Press, →ISBN

Anagrams[edit]


Azerbaijani[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic полис
Roman polis
Perso-Arabic پولیس

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [poˈlis]
  • Hyphenation: pol‧is

Noun[edit]

polis (definite accusative polisi, plural polislər)

  1. police (an organisation that enforces the law)
    polis idarəsipolice department
    polis şöbəsipolice station, police district
    polis əməkdaşıpolice employee
  2. police (member of the police force)

Declension[edit]


Cebuano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English police, from Middle French police, from Latin politia (state, government), from Ancient Greek πολιτεία (politeía).

Noun[edit]

polis

  1. A police officer; a cop.
  2. A civil force granted the legal authority for law enforcement and maintaining public order.

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ancient Greek πόλις (pólis)

Noun[edit]

polis f

  1. polis (ancient Greek city-state)

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • polis in Kartotéka Novočeského lexikálního archivu
  • polis in Akademický slovník cizích slov, 1995, at prirucka.ujc.cas.cz

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpoː.lɪs/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: po‧lis

Etymology 1[edit]

From Italian polizza, from Latin apodixa, from Ancient Greek ἀπόδειξις (apódeixis, proof), from ἀποδείκνυμι (apodeíknumi, I prove).

Noun[edit]

polis f (plural polissen, diminutive polisje n)

  1. insurance policy
  2. insurance plan
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Ancient Greek πόλις (pólis).

Noun[edit]

polis f (plural poleis)

  1. (historical) A polis; an ancient, especially Ancient Greek, city state or city.

French[edit]

Verb[edit]

polis

  1. first-person singular present indicative of polir
  2. second-person singular present indicative of polir
  3. first-person singular past historic of polir
  4. second-person singular past historic of polir
  5. second-person singular imperative of polir

Participle[edit]

polis

  1. masculine plural of the past participle of polir

Adjective[edit]

polis

  1. masculine plural of poli

Anagrams[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch polis (insurance policy).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /polɪs/
  • Hyphenation: po‧lis

Noun[edit]

polis

  1. insurance policy.

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Noun[edit]

polīs

  1. dative plural of polus
  2. ablative plural of polus

References[edit]

  • polis in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • polis in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • polis in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  • polis in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly

Latvian[edit]

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Polish polak, Russian поля́к (polják) (under the influence of Old High German pōlcf. German, English Pole — and perhaps also of Latvian dialectal bolis, polis (ox without horns)), itself derived from Polish pole (field), perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *pel- (light (color), gray).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

polis m (2nd declension, feminine form: poliete)

  1. a Pole, a Polish man, a man born in Poland
    pēc Livonijas kara poļi ieguva Vidzemi un Latgaliafter the Livonian War the Poles obtained Vidzeme and Latgale
  2. (genitive plural) Polish; pertaining to Poland and its people
    poļu valodathe Polish language
    poļu mākslaPolish art

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “polis”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN

Papiamentu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Spanish policía and Portuguese polícia and Dutch politie.

Noun[edit]

polis

  1. police
  2. policeman

Scots[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the French police.

Noun[edit]

polis (countable and uncountable, plural polises)

  1. (uncountable) police
    • 1987, Robbie Kydd, ...Auld Zimmery, Mariscat Press 1987:
      'Listen then. Yer name's Andy MacPhail. That's whit us three has jist tellt the polis in wir statements. Okay?'
    • 1991, Dr James Begg, Dipper: 20 – Cops and Robbers, Luath Press 1991:
      ‘Aye, Andra,' cam back the reply. 'We micht as weel caa it a day doun here. The hale bluidy place is hotchin wi polis! Come doun an get us at the Auld Raw.'
    • 2007, Sheena Blackhall, The Quarry, Lochlands 2007:
      Brian hid contactit his granfaither, Pat, tae see gin the polis computers could raik up onythin ava tae makk eese o in persuadin Bappy Anderson tae pairt wi a kidney.
    • 2013, Donal McLaughlin, translating Pedro Lenz, Naw Much of a Talker, Freight Books 2013, p. 51:
      Coont yirsel lucky ahm naw cawin the polis. Noo fuck off.

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Adjective[edit]

polis

  1. Polish

Verb[edit]

polis

  1. polish
  2. adorn, beautify

References[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ancient Greek πόλις (pólis, city-state).

Noun[edit]

polis f (plural polis)

  1. polis

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

polis m pl, f pl

  1. plural of poli

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

polis c

  1. police (as an organization or as an individual)

Declension[edit]

Declension of polis 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative polis polisen poliser poliserna
Genitive polis polisens polisers polisernas

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From English police.

Noun[edit]

polis

  1. police

Etymology 2[edit]

From English polish.

Noun[edit]

polis

  1. polish

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French police.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /poˈlis/
  • Hyphenation: po‧lis

Noun[edit]

polis (definite accusative polisi, plural polisler)

  1. police (an organisation that enforces the law)
  2. police (member of the police force)

Usage notes[edit]

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative polis
Definite accusative polisi
Singular Plural
Nominative polis polisler
Definite accusative polisi polisleri
Dative polise polislere
Locative poliste polislerde
Ablative polisten polislerden
Genitive polisin polislerin
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular polisim polislerim
2nd singular polisin polislerin
3rd singular polisi polisleri
1st plural polisimiz polislerimiz
2nd plural polisiniz polisleriniz
3rd plural polisleri polisleri
Predicative forms
Singular Plural
1st singular polisim polislerim
2nd singular polissin polislersin
3rd singular polis
polistir
polisler
polislerdir
1st plural polisiz polisleriz
2nd plural polissiniz polislersiniz
3rd plural polisler polislerdir

Synonyms[edit]