polis

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See also: Polis, polís, pólis, poliš, and -polis

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Learned borrowing from Ancient Greek πόλις (pólis, fortified town; city state).

Noun[edit]

polis (plural poleis or polises)

  1. (historical) A Greek city-state.
    • 2006, Karen Armstrong, The Great Transformation, Atlantic Books 2007, page 161:
      By the end of the century, poleis had been established throughout the Hellenic world, all bearing a marked family resemblance.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Scots polis.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

polis (countable and uncountable, plural polises)

  1. (uncountable, Scotland, Ireland, Tyneside) The police.
  2. (countable, Scotland, Ireland, Tyneside) A police officer.

Further reading[edit]

  • Oxford Dictionaries Online. "polis". 2015.
  • A Dictionary of North East Dialect, Bill Griffiths, 2005, Northumbria University Press, →ISBN

Anagrams[edit]


Azerbaijani[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic полис
Roman polis
Perso-Arabic پولیس

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [poˈlis]
  • Hyphenation: pol‧is

Noun[edit]

polis (definite accusative polisi, plural polislər)

  1. police (an organisation that enforces the law)
    polis idarəsipolice department
    polis şöbəsipolice station, police district
    polis əməkdaşıpolice employee
  2. police (member of the police force)

Declension[edit]


Cebuano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English police, from Middle French police, from Latin politia (state, government), from Ancient Greek πολιτεία (politeía).

Noun[edit]

polis

  1. A police officer; a cop.
  2. A civil force granted the legal authority for law enforcement and maintaining public order.

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

International learned borrowing Ancient Greek πόλις (pólis, fortified town; city state).

Noun[edit]

polis f

  1. polis (ancient Greek city-state)

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • polis in Kartotéka Novočeského lexikálního archivu
  • polis in Akademický slovník cizích slov, 1995, at prirucka.ujc.cas.cz

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpoː.lɪs/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: po‧lis

Etymology 1[edit]

From French police (from Italian polizza, q.v.).

Noun[edit]

polis f (plural polissen, diminutive polisje n)

  1. insurance policy
  2. insurance plan
Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Indonesian: polis

Etymology 2[edit]

International learned borrowing from Ancient Greek πόλις (pólis) since the 1970s (probably via English polis).

Noun[edit]

polis f (plural poleis)

  1. (historical) A polis; an ancient, especially Ancient Greek, city state or city.

French[edit]

Verb[edit]

polis

  1. first-person singular present indicative of polir
  2. second-person singular present indicative of polir
  3. first-person singular past historic of polir
  4. second-person singular past historic of polir
  5. second-person singular imperative of polir

Participle[edit]

polis

  1. masculine plural of the past participle of polir

Adjective[edit]

polis

  1. masculine plural of poli

Anagrams[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /polɪs/
  • Hyphenation: po‧lis

Etymology 1[edit]

From Dutch polis (insurance policy), from French police (policy), from Italian polizza, from Ancient Greek ἀπόδειξις (apódeixis, proof).

Noun[edit]

polis (plural, first-person possessive polisku, second-person possessive polismu, third-person possessive polisnya)

  1. insurance policy

Derived terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. Nonstandard form of poles.

Usage notes[edit]

The word is part of false friends between Standard Malay and Indonesian. The Brunei, Malaysia and Singapore usage can be seen in Malay polis.

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Noun[edit]

polīs

  1. dative plural of polus
  2. ablative plural of polus

References[edit]

  • polis in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • polis in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • polis in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  • polis in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly

Latvian[edit]

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Polish polak, Russian поля́к (polják) (under the influence of Old High German pōl — cf. German, English Pole — and perhaps also of Latvian dialectal bolis, polis (ox without horns)), itself derived from Polish pole (field), perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *pel- (light (color), gray).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

polis m (2nd declension, feminine form: poliete)

  1. a Pole, a Polish man, a man born in Poland
    pēc Livonijas kara poļi ieguva Vidzemi un Latgaliafter the Livonian War the Poles obtained Vidzeme and Latgale
  2. (genitive plural) Polish; pertaining to Poland and its people
    poļu valodathe Polish language
    poļu mākslaPolish art

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992) , “polis”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN

Malay[edit]

Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ms

Etymology[edit]

From English police, from Middle French police, from Latin politia (state, government), from Ancient Greek πολιτεία (politeía).

Noun[edit]

polis (plural polis-polis, informal 1st possessive polisku, impolite 2nd possessive polismu, 3rd possessive polisnya)

  1. police, a civil force granted the legal authority for law enforcement and maintaining public order.

Alternative forms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The word is part of false friends between Standard Malay and Indonesian due to shared etymology. The Indonesian usage can be seen in Indonesian polis.


Papiamentu[edit]

Policeman at work.jpg

Etymology[edit]

From Spanish policía and Portuguese polícia and Dutch politie.

Noun[edit]

polis

  1. police
  2. policeman



Scots[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the French police.

Noun[edit]

polis (countable and uncountable, plural polises)

  1. (uncountable) police
    • 1987, Robbie Kydd, ...Auld Zimmery, Mariscat Press 1987:
      'Listen then. Yer name's Andy MacPhail. That's whit us three has jist tellt the polis in wir statements. Okay?'
    • 1991, Dr James Begg, Dipper: 20 – Cops and Robbers, Luath Press 1991:
      ‘Aye, Andra,' cam back the reply. 'We micht as weel caa it a day doun here. The hale bluidy place is hotchin wi polis! Come doun an get us at the Auld Raw.'
    • 2007, Sheena Blackhall, The Quarry, Lochlands 2007:
      Brian hid contactit his granfaither, Pat, tae see gin the polis computers could raik up onythin ava tae makk eese o in persuadin Bappy Anderson tae pairt wi a kidney.
    • 2013, Donal McLaughlin, translating Pedro Lenz, Naw Much of a Talker, Freight Books 2013, p. 51:
      Coont yirsel lucky ahm naw cawin the polis. Noo fuck off.

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Adjective[edit]

polis

  1. Polish

Verb[edit]

polis

  1. polish
  2. adorn, beautify

References[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpolis/, [ˈpo.lis]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

polis m pl or f pl

  1. plural of poli

Etymology 2[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

From Ancient Greek πόλις (pólis, city-state).

Noun[edit]

polis f (plural polis)

  1. polis

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

polis c

  1. police (as an organization or as an individual)

Declension[edit]

Declension of polis 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative polis polisen poliser poliserna
Genitive polis polisens polisers polisernas

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From English police.

Noun[edit]

polis

  1. police

Etymology 2[edit]

From English polish.

Noun[edit]

polis

  1. polish

Turkish[edit]

Turkish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia tr

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French police.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /poˈlis/
  • Hyphenation: po‧lis

Noun[edit]

polis (definite accusative polisi, plural polisler)

  1. police (an organisation that enforces the law)
  2. police officer

Usage notes[edit]

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative polis
Definite accusative polisi
Singular Plural
Nominative polis polisler
Definite accusative polisi polisleri
Dative polise polislere
Locative poliste polislerde
Ablative polisten polislerden
Genitive polisin polislerin
Possessive forms
Nominative Singular Plural
1st singular polisim polislerim
2nd singular polisin polislerin
3rd singular polisi polisleri
1st plural polisimiz polislerimiz
2nd plural polisiniz polisleriniz
3rd plural polisleri polisleri
Definite accusative Singular Plural
1st singular polisimi polislerimi
2nd singular polisini polislerini
3rd singular polisini polislerini
1st plural polisimizi polislerimizi
2nd plural polisinizi polislerinizi
3rd plural polislerini polislerini
Dative Singular Plural
1st singular polisime polislerime
2nd singular polisine polislerine
3rd singular polisine polislerine
1st plural polisimize polislerimize
2nd plural polisinize polislerinize
3rd plural polislerine polislerine
Locative Singular Plural
1st singular polisimde polislerimde
2nd singular polisinde polislerinde
3rd singular polisinde polislerinde
1st plural polisimizde polislerimizde
2nd plural polisinizde polislerinizde
3rd plural polislerinde polislerinde
Ablative Singular Plural
1st singular polisimden polislerimden
2nd singular polisinden polislerinden
3rd singular polisinden polislerinden
1st plural polisimizden polislerimizden
2nd plural polisinizden polislerinizden
3rd plural polislerinden polislerinden
Genitive Singular Plural
1st singular polisimin polislerimin
2nd singular polisinin polislerinin
3rd singular polisinin polislerinin
1st plural polisimizin polislerimizin
2nd plural polisinizin polislerinizin
3rd plural polislerinin polislerinin
Predicative forms
Singular Plural
1st singular polisim polislerim
2nd singular polissin polislersin
3rd singular polis
polistir
polisler
polislerdir
1st plural polisiz polisleriz
2nd plural polissiniz polislersiniz
3rd plural polisler polislerdir

Synonyms[edit]