cop

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: COP, còp, côp, cöp, cọp, çöp, čop, and чоп

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English coppe, from Old English *coppe, as in ātorcoppe (spider, literally venom head), from Old English copp (top, summit, head), from Proto-Germanic *kuppaz (vault, round vessel, head), from Proto-Indo-European *gū- (to bend, curve). Cognate with Middle Dutch koppe, kobbe (spider). More at cobweb.

Noun[edit]

cop (plural cops)

  1. (obsolete) A spider.

Etymology 2[edit]

Uncertain. Perhaps from Old English copian (to plunder; pillage; steal); or possibly from Middle French caper (to capture), from Latin capiō (to seize, to grasp); or possibly from Dutch kapen (to seize, to hijack), from Old Frisian kāpia (to buy). Compare also Middle English copen (to buy), from Middle Dutch copen.

Verb[edit]

cop (third-person singular simple present cops, present participle copping, simple past and past participle copped)

  1. (transitive, formerly dialect, now informal) To obtain, to purchase (as in drugs), to get hold of, to take.
    • 1995, Norman L. Russell, ‎Doug Grad, Suicide Charlie: A Vietnam War Story (page 191)
      He sold me a bulging paper sack full of Cambodian Red for two dolla' MPC. A strange experience, copping from a kid, but it was righteous weed.
    • 2005, Martin Torgoff, Can't Find My Way Home, Simon & Schuster, page 10:
      Heroin appeared on the streets of our town for the first time, and Innie watched helplessly as his sixteen-year-old brother began taking the train to Harlem to cop smack.
  2. (transitive) To (be forced to) take; to receive; to shoulder; to bear, especially blame or punishment for a particular instance of wrongdoing.
    When caught, he would often cop a vicious blow from his father
  3. (transitive, trainspotting, slang) To see and record a railway locomotive for the first time.
  4. (transitive) To steal.
  5. (transitive) To adopt.
    No need to cop a 'tude with me, junior.
  6. (transitive) To earn by bad behavior.
    • 1992, Roxanne Shanté (lyrics), “Straight Razor”, in The Bitch Is Back:
      You bust in the house, another bitch’s mouth is suckin on your man's dick
      What do you do: think straight? Or do you run to the back,
      Open the trunk to the nickel-plate 38?
      “Wait wait, baby, please!”
      That's the shit he's coppin when he’s down on both his knees
  7. (intransitive, usually with “to”, slang) to admit, especially to a crime.
    I already copped to the murder. What else do you want from me?
    Harold copped to being known as "Dirty Harry".
    • 2005, Elmore Leonard, Mr. Paradise, page 295:
      He shot a guy in a bar on Martin Luther King Day and copped to first-degree manslaughter
  8. (transitive, slang) For a pimp to recruit a prostitute into the stable.
    • 2009, Iceberg Slim, Pimp (page 90)
      I said, 'Tell your tricks to call you here.'
      She laid the bearskin and freaked the joint off with her lights and other crap. Except for the fake stars it was a fair mock-up of her pad where I had copped her.
    • 2011, Shaheem Hargrove, ‎Sharice Cuthrell, The Rise and Fall of a Ghetto Celebrity (page 55)
      The code was to call a pimp and tell him you have his hoe plus turn over her night trap but that was bull because the HOE was out of his stable months before I copped her.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Short for copper (police officer), itself from cop (one who cops) above, in reference to arresting criminals.

Noun[edit]

cop (plural cops)

  1. (slang, law enforcement) A police officer or prison guard.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

From Middle English cop, coppe, from Old English cop, copp, from Proto-Germanic *kuppaz (vault, basin, round object), from Proto-Indo-European *gu-. Cognate with Dutch kop, German Kopf.

Noun[edit]

cop (plural cops)

  1. (crafts) The ball of thread wound on to the spindle in a spinning machine.
  2. (obsolete) The top, summit, especially of a hill.
  3. (obsolete) The crown (of the head); also the head itself. [14th-15th c.]
    The stature is bowed down in age, the cop is depressed.
  4. A tube or quill upon which silk is wound.
  5. (architecture, military) A merlon.

References[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


A-Pucikwar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Great Andamanese *cup

Noun[edit]

cop

  1. basket

References[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Catalan colp, from Late Latin colpus (stroke), from earlier Latin colaphus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cop m (plural cops)

  1. hit, blow, strike
  2. time, occasion

Alternative forms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German Zopf.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cop m

  1. braid

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A shortened form of copain.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cop m (plural cops)

  1. (informal) A friend, a pal.

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English cop, from Proto-Germanic *kuppaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cop (plural coppes)

  1. summit (of a mountain or hill)
  2. top, tip, topmost part
  3. top of the head, crown
  4. head

Descendants[edit]

  • English: cop
  • Scots: cop, coppe
  • Welsh: copa

References[edit]


Old French[edit]

Noun[edit]

cop m (oblique plural cos, nominative singular cos, nominative plural cop)

  1. Alternative form of colp

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Irish copp, borrowed from either Old English copp or Middle English copp, both meaning "top," from Proto-Germanic *kuppaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cop m (genitive singular coip, plural coip)

  1. foam, froth

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

cop (past chop, future copidh, verbal noun copadh, past participle copte)

  1. capsize
  2. pour out, tip out
  3. foam, froth

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
cop chop
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German Zopf.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cop m (genitive singular copu, nominative plural copy, genitive plural copov, declension pattern of dub)

  1. braid

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • cop in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

cop (nominative plural cops)

  1. hoe (tool)

Declension[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English coppe (spider).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cop m (uncountable)

  1. (obsolete) spider
    Synonyms: copyn, corryn, pryf cop, pryf copyn

Usage notes[edit]

No longer found as an independent word, cop is now used as an element in other words for "spider", such as copyn, pryf cop and pryf copyn and derived terms.

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
cop gop nghop chop
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950-), “cop”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies