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U+7D19, 紙
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7D19

[U+7D18]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7D1A]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 120 +4, 10 strokes, cangjie input 女火竹女心 (VFHVP), four-corner 22940, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 918, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27293
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1347, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3375, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+7D19

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
紙-seal.svg 紙-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*skeŋ, *kje, *ɡjeʔ
*kje, *ɡe
*kjeʔ
*kjeʔ
*kjeʔ
*kjeʔ
*kjeʔ, *tjil
*ɡje, *ɡe
*ɡje, *ɡils
*ɦljeʔ
*ɡe
*ɡe
*ɡe
*ɡe
*ɡe

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kjeʔ): semantic  (silk) + phonetic  (OC *skeŋ, *kje, *ɡjeʔ).

Etymology[edit]

Unknown. It has been connected to Vietnamese giấy (< Proto-Vietic *k-cajʔ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chóa - vernacular;
  • chí - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (23)
    Final () (11)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ɕiᴇX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡ɕiɛX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ɕjɛX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ciə̆X/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ɕieX/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ɕǐeX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡ɕie̯X/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhǐ
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhǐ
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsyeX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*k.teʔ/
    English paper

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11516
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kjeʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. paper (Classifier: )
    2. Classifier for document and letters.
    3. Short for 紙錢纸钱 (zhǐqián, “paper made to resemble money and burnt as an offering to the dead”).
    4. (Mandarin, neologism, slang) Eye dialect spelling of .

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese:  () (shi)
    • Korean: (, ji)
    • Vietnamese: chỉ ()

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. paper

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • New Nelson: 4455
    • Halpern: 1302
    • Halpern Learners: 879
    • Heisig: 1829
    • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 6a4.4
    1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    かみ
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi
    EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana かみ, rōmaji kami)

    1. paper
      • 2006 December 9, Sorachi, Hideaki, “だい百十九くん 四にんそろえばいろんな [Lesson 119: Four Heads Are Better Than One]”, in ぎんたま [Silver Soul], volume 14 (fiction, in Japanese), Tokyo: Shueisha, →ISBN:
         (かみ)…神  (だれ)よりも (はや)く  (かみ) () ()れた (もの)がこの (しょう) () ()
        Kami… Dare yori mo hayaku kami o te ni ireta mono ga kono shōbu katsu
        Paper… is also God. Whoever gets his hands on some first, wins.

    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ji) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (chỉ, giấy)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.