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U+502B, 倫
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-502B

[U+502A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+502C]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +8, 10 strokes, cangjie input 人人一月 (OOMB), four-corner 28227, composition)

  1. normal human relationships
  2. ethics

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 109, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 793
  • Dae Jaweon: page 232, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 181, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+502B

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ruːls, *run
*kruːn, *ɡ·run
*ruːn, *ruːns, *run
*ruːn
*ruːn, *run
*ruːn
*ruːnʔ, *run
*ɡ·ruːnʔ, *kuːns, *ɡuːnʔ
*ruːnʔ, *ruːns
*ruːns
*run
*run
*run
*run
*run
*run
*run
*run
*runʔ
*pqʰlun

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *run): semantic  + phonetic (OC *run).

Pronunciation[edit]


  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /luən³⁵/
Harbin /luən²⁴/
Tianjin /luən⁴⁵/
Jinan /luẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /luə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /luən⁴²/
Xi'an /lyẽ²⁴/
Xining /lyə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /luŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /lũn⁵³/
Ürümqi /luŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /nən²¹³/
Chengdu /nən³¹/
Guiyang /len²¹/
Kunming /luə̃³¹/
Nanjing /lun²⁴/
Hefei /lən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /luəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /luŋ¹³/
Hohhot /lỹŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ləŋ²³/
Suzhou /lən¹³/
Hangzhou /len²¹³/
Wenzhou /laŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /lʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /lən¹³/
Xiangtan /nən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /lɨn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /lun¹¹/
Taoyuan /lin⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /løn²¹/
Nanning /lɐn²¹/
Hong Kong /løn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lun³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /luŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /lœyŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /luŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /lun³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (47)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/liuɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/lʷin/
Shao
Rongfen
/ljuen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lwin/
Li
Rong
/liuĕn/
Wang
Li
/lĭuĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯uĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
lún
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
lún
Middle
Chinese
‹ lwin ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]u[n]/
English relationship; order; category

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8661
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*run/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. ethics

Readings[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana りん, romaji Rin)

  1. A male given name

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ryun) (hangeul , revised ryun, McCune-Reischauer ryun)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(luân, luồn, lùn, lụm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.