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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
力-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – an arm bending out from the side of the body.

力 力 力 力
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 19 +0, 2 strokes, cangjie input 大尸 (KS), four-corner 40027)

  1. power, capability, influence

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

  • (Japanese katakana)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 146, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2288
  • Dae Jaweon: page 327, character 31
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 364, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+529B

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping lik6, Yale lik6)


Hakka[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ li̍t, Guangdong lit8, Hagfa Pinyim lid6)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. power, force, strength

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Compound of Old Japanese elements (chi, power, life force, essence) +‎ から (kara, from).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ちから, romaji chikara)

  1. strength, power, force
  2. ability, capacity
  3. effort
  4. (tarot): strength: the eleventh trump or major arcana card in most traditional Tarot decks
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana ちから, romaji Chikara)

  1. A male given name

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Chinese (lik). The goon reading, so likely the initial borrowing. Compare modern Cantonese (lik⁶).

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

(hiragana りき, romaji riki)

  1. power, strength
     (りき) (がく) (りき) ()二馬 (にば) (りき)
    rikigaku, rikishi, nibariki
    power studies” (dynamics), “strength person” (sumo wrestler), two horsepower

Noun[edit]

(hiragana りき, romaji riki)

  1. physical strength
  2. (Buddhism) capability, especially mystical power
  3. (Buddhism) the suchness of ability, one of the Ten Suchnesses in Mahayana Buddhism
  4. short for 力者 (​rikisha): a strong person
  5. (archaic) short for 車力 (​shariki), 力車 (​rikisha): a rickshaw
  6. (archaic) a rickshaw operator's wages
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle Chinese , but apparently from a different source dialect or at a different time than (lik). The kan'on reading, so likely a later borrowing. Compare reconstructed Middle Chinese reading /li̯ək/.

Only found in compounds and idioms in modern Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

(hiragana りょく, romaji ryoku)

  1. strength, power
     (りょく) (そう) (けん) (りょく)
    ryokusō, kenryoku
    “strength struggle” (a hard fight), “right power” (authority)
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Noun[edit]

(yeog, ryeog) (hangeul )

  1. strength, power

Hanja[edit]

(ryeok) (hangeul , revised yeog, ryeog, McCune-Reischauer ryŏk)

Compounds[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin (li4), Wade-Giles li4)

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. force, strength, power
    力量 — power
    攻击力 — firepower
    她个子虽小但大惊人。
    tā gèzi suī xiǎo dàn dà jīngrén.
    For a small woman she has surprising strength.
  2. power, energy
    汽力 — steam power
  3. ability
    能力 — ability
    他对古董很有鉴赏
    tā duì gǔ dǒng hěn yǒu jiànshǎng .
    He has an eye for antiques.
  4. (physics) force
    这个的方向与位移相同。
    zhège de fāngxiàng yǔ wèi yí xiāngtóng.
    This force is the same direction as the displacement.

Adjective[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. strenuously
    努力 hard-working

Compounds[edit]

  • "Sentences with 力", Tatoeba. URL accessed on 2014-03-21.
  • "Jukuu" (in Mandarin/English), Jukuu. URL accessed on 2014-03-21.

Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*liək)


Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(TLPA li̍k (lik8), la̍t (lat8), lí (li2), Guangdong liak8, lat8, li3)

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lực)