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U+76F4, 直
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-76F4

[U+76F3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+76F5]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
直-order.gif
Japanese stroke order
直-jbw.png

Alternative forms[edit]

Note the different forms, which differ in two respects: simplified does not have a left vertical stroke, while the traditional form has a left vertical stroke; and in simplified form, the top component is connected with the bottom, while in traditional they are separated – this last difference is shared with the related character and the unrelated character . The traditional form and stroke order are used in Japan and Taiwan.

Han character[edit]

Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

(radical 109 +3, 8 strokes, cangjie input 十月一一 (JBMM), four-corner 40716, composition𠃊(JK) or ⿱(GT))

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 800, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23136
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1215, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 61, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+76F4

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
直-oracle.svg 直-bronze.svg 直-bigseal.svg 直-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tɯɡs
*dɯɡs, *dɯɡ
*dɯɡs, *djɯɡ
*tʰjɯɡs, *djɯɡ
*tɯːɡ
*tɯːɡ
*tɯɡ
*tʰɯɡ
*dɯɡ
*dɯɡ
*djɯɡ

Oracle bone script: Ideogrammic compound (會意): (eye) + (vertical stroke) – vertical stroke above the eye; looking straight ahead.

The line on the side appears in bronze script and subsequently stretched under the 目 shape, while the traditional form appears in seal script. The top component has been relatively unstable, taking on other shapes such as – compare , and different forms of .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ti̍t - vernacular;
  • tia̍k/te̍k - literary.
Note:
  • dig8 - Chaozhou;
  • dêg8 - Jieyang.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁴²/
Qingdao /tʃz̩⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁴²/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩¹³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sz̩²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sz̩³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sz̩²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩ʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡səʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡səʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /zəʔ¹/
Suzhou /zəʔ³/
Hangzhou /d͡zəʔ²/
Wenzhou /d͡zei²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰi²²/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰi¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɨʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰət̚⁵/
Taoyuan /tʃʰït̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sek̚²/
Nanning /t͡sek̚²²/
Hong Kong /t͡sɐk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tik̚⁵/
/tit̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tiʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tɛ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tik̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdit̚³/
/t͡sek̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (11)
Final () (134)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖɨk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖɨk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡiek̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖik̚/
Li
Rong
/ȡiək̚/
Wang
Li
/ȡĭək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi̯ək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhí
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhí
Middle
Chinese
‹ drik ›
Old
Chinese
/*N-t<r>ək/
English straight

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17269
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*dɯɡ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. straight; linear; undeviating
  2. to straighten
  3. vertical; upright; erect
  4. honest; fair
  5. straightforward; forthright; frank
  6. directly; straight
      ―  zhí  ―  to go directly to
  7. intentionally; deliberately
  8. Alternative form of (zhǐ, “only”).
  9. (Chinese calligraphy) vertical stroke in Chinese characters
  10. Alternative form of (zhí, “to be worth”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. straight

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jik) (hangeul , revised jik, McCune-Reischauer chik, Yale cik)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trực, chực, sực)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.