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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜廿日心 (YTAP), four-corner 00336, composition)

  1. heart, soul, conscience
  2. thought, opinion, mind

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 394, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10921
  • Dae Jaweon: page 730, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2323, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+610F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
意-bronze.svg 意-bigseal.svg 意-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  +  ‎(heart)

Top component unrelated to .

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (34)
Final: (19)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yì
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔɨH/ /ʔɨH/ /ʔieH/ /ʔɨH/ /ʔiəH/ /ĭəH/ /ʔiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ʔiH › /*ʔ(r)ək-s/ thought (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15153 0 /*qɯɡs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. idea, meaning
  2. to anticipate
  3. Abbreviation of 意大利 (Yìdàlì, “Italy; Italian”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. idea
  2. mind
  3. heart
  4. desire

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji i)

  1. thoughts
  2. meaning

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ui) (hangeul , revised ui, McCune-Reischauer ŭi, Yale uy)

  1. ( 의, tteut-): meaning, intention, signification, significance

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ý, ấy, ới, áy, ư, ơi)

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