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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜廿日心 (YTAP), four-corner 00336, composition)

  1. heart, soul, conscience
  2. thought, opinion, mind

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 394, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10921
  • Dae Jaweon: page 730, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2323, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+610F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
意-bronze.svg 意-bigseal.svg 意-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  +  ‎(heart)

Top component unrelated to .

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔɨH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔɨH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔieH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔɨH/
Li
Rong
/ʔiəH/
Wang
Li
/ĭəH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔiH ›
Old
Chinese
/*ʔ(r)ək-s/
English thought (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15153
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qɯɡs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. idea, meaning
  2. to anticipate
  3. Short for 意大利 (Yìdàlì, “Italy; Italian”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. idea
  2. mind
  3. heart
  4. desire

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji i)

  1. thoughts
  2. meaning

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ui) (hangeul , revised ui, McCune-Reischauer ŭi, Yale uy)

  1. ( 의, tteut-): meaning, intention, signification, significance

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ý, ấy, ới, áy, ư, ơi)

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