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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qɯɡ): semantic  ‎(heart) + phonetic  ‎(OC *qɯɡs, thought)

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 心卜廿心 (PYTP), four-corner 90036, composition)

  1. remember, reflect upon
  2. memory

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 404, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11295
  • Dae Jaweon: page 744, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2362, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+61B6

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /i⁵¹/
Harbin /i⁵³/
Tianjin /i⁵³/
Jinan /i²¹/
Qingdao /i⁴²/
Zhengzhou /i³¹²/
Xi'an /i⁴⁴/
Xining /ji²¹³/
Yinchuan /i¹³/
Lanzhou /i¹³/
Ürümqi /i²¹³/
Wuhan /i³⁵/
Chengdu /i¹³/
Guiyang /i²¹³/
Kunming /i²¹²/
Nanjing /i⁴⁴/
Hefei /zz̩⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /iəʔ²/
Pingyao /i³⁵/
Hohhot /i⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /i³⁵/
Suzhou /i⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /ʔi⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /j̠i⁴²/
Hui Shexian /i³²⁴/
Tunxi /i¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /i⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /i⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /i⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /it̚¹/
Taoyuan /ʒï⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jek̚⁵/
Nanning /jek̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /jek̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ik̚³²/
/it̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ɛiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /i³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ek̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /it̚⁵/
/i⁵⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (134)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔɨk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔɨk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiek̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔik̚/
Li
Rong
/ʔiək̚/
Wang
Li
/ĭək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯ək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔik ›
Old
Chinese
/*ʔ(r)ək/
English remember

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15156
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qɯɡ/

Verb[edit]

  1. To remember
    記憶记忆 (jìyì)
    回憶回忆 (huíyì)

Noun[edit]

  1. memory
    回憶回忆 (huíyì)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Used only in compounds.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. to think, to consider, to believe

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(eok) (hangeul , revised eok, McCune-Reischauer ŏk, Yale ek)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ức)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.