Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also:
U+8A18, 記
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8A18

[U+8A17]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8A19]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
0 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 149, +3, 10 strokes, cangjie input 卜口尸山 (YRSU), four-corner 07617, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1149, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35244
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1615, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3943, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+8A18

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
記-seal.svg 記-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*klɯːʔ
*ɡrɯʔ
*kɯʔ
*kɯʔ
*kɯʔ
*kɯs
*kʰɯʔ
*kʰɯʔ
*kʰɯʔ
*kʰɯʔ, *ɡɯs
*kʰɯʔ
*ɡɯs
*ɡɯs
*ɡɯs
*ɡɯs

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɨH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kieH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɨH/
Li
Rong
/kiəH/
Wang
Li
/kĭəH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kiH ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.k(r)ə(ʔ)-s/
English remember; record (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5768
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to record; to mark; to note
  2. to keep in mind; remember
  3. record; chronicle
  4. birthmark
  5. (Hong Kong, Taiwan) a suffix for restaurants, stores, etc

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. statement
  2. inscription
  3. mention
  4. describe
  5. mark
  6. Kojiki

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
on’yomi

⟨ki2 → */kɨ//ki/

From Middle Chinese (MCH).

In Old Japanese, this kanji was used as man'yōgana to transcribe /ki2/.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji ki)

  1. a chronicle

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji -ki)

  1. chronicle

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji Ki)

  1. Short for 古事記 (Kojiki): the oldest extant record of the history of ancient Japan
  2. a surname
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
しるし
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 記す (shirusu, to write down (a historical account)).

Cognate with (shirushi, mark, print)[1]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しるし, rōmaji shirushi)

  1. a (written) chronicle

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
ふみ
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

From , (fumi, writing).

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana ふみ, rōmaji Fumi)

  1. a female given name

Refernces[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gi) (hangeul )

  1. record
  2. keep in mind, remember

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, ghi, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.