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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 66 +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 尸山人大 (SUOK), four-corner 18740, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 468, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13114
  • Dae Jaweon: page 816, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1450, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6539

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (改), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 咍
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 古亥切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʌiX/ /kɑ̆iX/ /kᴀiX/ /kəiX/ /kəjX/ /kɒiX/ /kɒiX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
gǎi ‹ kojX › /*C.qˤəʔ/ change (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5763 0 /*klɯːʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. change, alter
  2. improve, remodel

Compounds[edit]

  • 改革 (gǎigé, “reform”)
  • 更改 (gēnggǎi, “change, edit”)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. reform
  2. correct
  3. change

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 2332
  • Halpern: 243
  • Halpern Learners: 180
  • Heisig: 528
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 4i3.1
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gae) (hangeul , revised gae, McCune-Reischauer kae, Yale kay)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cải, cãi, gởi, gửi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.