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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
革-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 177 +0, 9 strokes, cangjie input 廿中十 (TLJ), four-corner 44506)

Related characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1385, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42710
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1899, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4325, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9769

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
革-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – a stretched animal hide: the upper is head, the bottom is the tail and legs.

Compare , which also features a hide.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kɤ³⁵/
Harbin /kɤ²¹³/
Tianjin /kɤ⁴⁵/
Jinan /kə²¹³/
Qingdao /kə⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /kɤ²⁴/
Xi'an /kei²¹/
Xining /kɨ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ka¹³/
/kə¹³/
Lanzhou /kə¹³/
Ürümqi /kɤ²¹³/
/kei⁴⁴/
Wuhan /kɤ²¹³/
Chengdu /ke³¹/
Guiyang /kɛ²¹/
Kunming /kə³¹/
Nanjing /kəʔ⁵/
Hefei /kɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /kaʔ²/
Pingyao /kʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /kaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /kəʔ⁵/
Suzhou /kəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /kɑʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /ka²¹³/
Hui Shexian /kʰɛʔ²¹/
Tunxi /ka⁵/
Xiang Changsha /kə²⁴/
Xiangtan /kæ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /kiɛʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ket̚¹/
Taoyuan /ket̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kap̚³/
Nanning /kak̚³³/
Hong Kong /kak̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kik̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kaiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kɛ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kek̚⁵/
/kɔk̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (119)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠɛk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚæk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɐk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəɨjk̚/
Li
Rong
/kɛk̚/
Wang
Li
/kæk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kæk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ge
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kɛk › ‹ kɛk ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤrək/ /*kˤrək/
English hide, skin change (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3835
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*krɯːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. leather; animal hide
  2. (historical) leather armour and weaponry
  3. (historical) ornament on the front of the cart
  4. Alternative form of (, “headstall”).
  5. 49th hexagram of the I Ching
  6. to change; to alter; to reform
  7. to remove; to expel
  8. A surname​.

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (, “terminally ill; critical”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. leather
  2. become serious
  3. skin
  4. hide
  5. pelt

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hyeok, geuk) (hangeul , , revised hyeok, geuk, McCune-Reischauer hyŏk, kŭk, Yale hyek, kuk)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cách, rắc)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.