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U+52D2, 勒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-52D2

[U+52D1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+52D3]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 19 +9, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿十大尸 (TJKS), four-corner 44527, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 148, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2386
  • Dae Jaweon: page 333, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 374, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+52D2

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*rɯːɡ
*rɯːɡ
*rɯːɡ
*rɯːɡ, *rɯɡ
*rɯːɡ
*rɯːɡ, *rɯɡ
*rɯːɡ
*rɯːɡ, *rɯɡ
*rɯːɡ
*rɯːɡ
*rɯɡ
*rɯɡ
*rɯɡ

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • lia̍k/le̍k/liak - literary;
  • leh/le̍h - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /lɤ⁵¹/
Harbin /lɤ²¹³/ ~令
/lei⁴⁴/ ~緊
Tianjin /lei²¹/
/lɤ⁵³/
Jinan /lə²¹³/
/lei²¹³/
Qingdao /lə⁴²/
/le⁴²/
Zhengzhou /lɛ²⁴/
Xi'an /lei²¹/
Xining /lɨ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /lia¹³/
/lə¹³/
Lanzhou /lə¹³/
Ürümqi /lei⁴⁴/
Wuhan /nɤ²¹³/
Chengdu /ne³¹/
/nie³¹/
Guiyang /lɛ²¹/
Kunming /lə³¹/
Nanjing /ləʔ⁵/
Hefei /laɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /liəʔ²/
Pingyao /lʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /ləʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ləʔ¹/
Suzhou /ləʔ³/
Hangzhou /ləʔ²/
Wenzhou /le²¹³/
Hui Shexian /le²²/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /lə²⁴/
Xiangtan /næ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /lɛʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /let̚⁵/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /lɐk̚²/
Nanning /lɐk̚²²/
Hong Kong /lɐk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lik̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /lɛiʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /lɛ⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /lek̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /lek̚⁵/
/lek̚³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (131)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lək̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/lək̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/lək̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lək̚/
Li
Rong
/lək̚/
Wang
Li
/lək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ lok › ‹ lok ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]ˤək/ /*[r]ˤək/
English engrave bridle

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7844
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*rɯːɡ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to strangle, tighten
  2. to strap tightly, bind
  3. to rein in
  4. to compel, force
  5. to command, lead


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
ろく
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

Middle Chinese

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ろく, rōmaji roku)

  1. bit (metal in horse's mouth)
  2. headstall
  3. the second of the Eight Principles of Yong

Hypernyms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(reuk) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lặc, lắc, lấc, lật, lất)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.