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U+52D2, 勒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-52D2

[U+52D1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+52D3]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 19 +9, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿十大尸 (TJKS), four-corner 44527, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 148, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2386
  • Dae Jaweon: page 333, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 374, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+52D2

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*rɯːɡ
*rɯːɡ
*rɯːɡ
*rɯːɡ, *rɯɡ
*rɯːɡ
*rɯːɡ, *rɯɡ
*rɯːɡ
*rɯːɡ, *rɯɡ
*rɯːɡ
*rɯːɡ
*rɯɡ
*rɯɡ
*rɯɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *rɯːɡ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *rɯɡ).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: lēi - vernacular (“to tie tight”) - lè - literary (other senses).
Note:
  • lia̍k/le̍k/liak - literary;
  • leh/le̍h - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /lɤ⁵¹/
    Harbin /lɤ²¹³/ ~令
    /lei⁴⁴/ ~緊
    Tianjin /lei²¹/
    /lɤ⁵³/
    Jinan /lə²¹³/
    /lei²¹³/
    Qingdao /lə⁴²/
    /le⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /lɛ²⁴/
    Xi'an /lei²¹/
    Xining /lɨ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /lia¹³/
    /lə¹³/
    Lanzhou /lə¹³/
    Ürümqi /lei⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /nɤ²¹³/
    Chengdu /ne³¹/
    /nie³¹/
    Guiyang /lɛ²¹/
    Kunming /lə³¹/
    Nanjing /ləʔ⁵/
    Hefei /laɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /liəʔ²/
    Pingyao /lʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /ləʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /ləʔ¹/
    Suzhou /ləʔ³/
    Hangzhou /ləʔ²/
    Wenzhou /le²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /le²²/
    Tunxi
    Xiang Changsha /lə²⁴/
    Xiangtan /næ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /lɛʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /let̚⁵/
    Taoyuan
    Cantonese Guangzhou /lɐk̚²/
    Nanning /lɐk̚²²/
    Hong Kong /lɐk̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lik̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /lɛiʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /lɛ⁴²/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /lek̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /lek̚⁵/
    /lek̚³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (131)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /lək̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /lək̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /lək̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /lək̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /lək̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /lək̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /lək̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ lok › ‹ lok ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[r]ˤək/ /*[r]ˤək/
    English engrave bridle

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7844
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*rɯːɡ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. bridle (with a bit)
    2. to rein in; to restrain
    3. to command; to lead; to lay out (forces)
    4. (colloquial) to strap tightly; to bind tight; to strangle; to tighten
    5. to restrict; to limit
    6. to compel; to force
    7. to cut; to carve; to engrave
    8. to compile; to bind (to make a book)
    9. to write; to draw; to depict
    10. to extort; to blackmail
    11. to tantalise; to provoke
    12. Short for 勒克司 (“lux”).
    13. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of (“modal particle”).

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. halter and bit

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    ろく
    Hyōgaiji
    on’yomi

    Middle Chinese

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ろく, rōmaji roku)

    1. bit (metal in horse's mouth)
    2. headstall
    3. the second of the Eight Principles of Yong

    Hypernyms[edit]

    Coordinate terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (reuk) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (lặc, lắc, lấc, lật, lất)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.