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See also:
U+6328, 挨
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6328

[U+6327]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6329]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 64, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 手戈人大 (QIOK), four-corner 53034, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 431, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12082
  • Dae Jaweon: page 780, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1888, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6328

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰlɯː, *qɯː, *qrɯː, *qrɯːʔ
*qlɯː
*qɯː, *qʰrɯːs
*qɯː, *qʰlɯ
*qlɯːʔ, *qrɯː, *qrɯːʔ
*ŋrɯːʔ, *sɢrɯʔ
*sɢrɯʔ, *ɡlɯl
*sɢrɯʔ
*sɢrɯʔ
*qʰlɯ
*ɢlɯʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qlɯːʔ, *qrɯː, *qrɯːʔ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ɢlɯʔ).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.
Note:
  • 1a - vernacular;
  • 1e - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (34) (34)
Final () (33) (41)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠɛiX/ /ʔʌiX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔᵚæiX/ /ʔəiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɐiX/ /ʔɒiX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔəɨjX/ /ʔəjX/
Li
Rong
/ʔɛiX/ /ʔᴀiX/
Wang
Li
/ɐiX/ /ɒiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔăiX/ /ʔɑ̆iX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ǎi
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 14937 14939 14941
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qlɯːʔ/ /*qrɯː/ /*qrɯːʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to hit from behind; to hit the back
  2. to get close to; to be next to
  3. to depend on; to rely on
  4. to crowd; to push and squeeze
  5. to follow in sequence; to be someone's turn; to go one by one
  6. (dialectal Mandarin) at

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“at, in”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Hsinchu (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei mT
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Hsinchu
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong
Penang
Philippines (Manila)
Chaozhou
Shantou
Wu Shanghai 辣辣辣海
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng
Note mT - mainstream Taiwanese (no particular region identified)

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. to suffer; to endure
    / 饿  ―  ái  ―  to suffer from hunger
  2. to drag out; to delay; to stall
  3. to struggle to pull through; to wait (for a long time)
  4. to drag on; to scrabble for a living

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. push open

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ae) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer ae, Yale ay)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ai, ẩy)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.