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See also:
U+6328, 挨
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6328

[U+6327]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6329]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 64, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 手戈人大 (QIOK), four-corner 53034, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 431, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12082
  • Dae Jaweon: page 780, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1888, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6328

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qlɯːʔ, *qrɯː, *qrɯːʔ): semantic + phonetic (OC *ɢlɯʔ).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.
Note:
  • oe/e/ere - vernacular;
  • ai - literary.
Note:
  • oi1 - vernacular;
  • ai1 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 1a - vernacular;
    • 1e - literary.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (34) (34)
    Final () (33) (41)
    Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () II I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔˠɛiX/ /ʔʌiX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔᵚæiX/ /ʔəiX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔɐiX/ /ʔɒiX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔəɨjX/ /ʔəjX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔɛiX/ /ʔᴀiX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɐiX/ /ɒiX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔăiX/ /ʔɑ̆iX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ǎi
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    aai2 oi2
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
    No. 14937 14939 14941
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qlɯːʔ/ /*qrɯː/ /*qrɯːʔ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to hit from behind; to hit the back
    2. to get close to; to be next to
    3. to depend on; to rely on
    4. to crowd; to push and squeeze
    5. to follow in sequence; to be someone's turn; to go one by one
    6. (dialectal Mandarin) at
    7. (Hokkien, Teochew) to grind

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. to suffer; to endure
      / 饿  ―  ái  ―  to suffer from hunger
    2. to drag out; to delay; to stall
    3. to struggle to pull through; to wait (for a long time)
    4. to drag on; to scrabble for a living

    Compounds[edit]

    See also[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. push open

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ae) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer ae, Yale ay)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: ai, ẩy

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.