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See also:
U+7DE9, 緩
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7DE9

[U+7DE8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7DEA]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 120, +9, 15 strokes, cangjie input 女火月一水 (VFBME), four-corner 22947, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 931, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27669
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1369, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3429, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+7DE9

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Originally written as 𦅻. Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢʷaːnʔ): semantic (silk) + phonetic (OC *ɢʷan).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hoǎn/hoān - literary;
  • oǎn/oān - vernacular.
Note:
  • huêng2/huang2 - literary (huêng2 - Chaozhou);
  • mang7 - semantic (訓讀) (original character is ).
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /xuan²¹⁴/
    Harbin /xuan²¹³/
    Tianjin /xuan¹³/
    Jinan /xuã⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /xuã⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /xuan⁵³/
    Xi'an /xuã⁵³/
    Xining /xuã⁵³/
    Yinchuan /xuan⁵³/
    Lanzhou /xuɛ̃n⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /xuan⁵¹/
    Wuhan /xuan⁴²/
    Chengdu /xuan⁵³/
    Guiyang /xuan⁴²/
    Kunming /xuã̠⁵³/
    Nanjing /xuaŋ²¹²/
    Hefei /xʊ̃²⁴/
    Jin Taiyuan /xuæ̃⁵³/
    Pingyao /xuɑŋ⁵³/
    Hohhot /xuæ̃⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /uø³⁵/
    Suzhou /uø⁵¹/
    Hangzhou /ʔuõ⁵³/
    Wenzhou /jy³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /xuɛ³⁵/
    Tunxi /xuːə³¹/
    Xiang Changsha /xõ⁴¹/
    Xiangtan /ɦɔn⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang /fɵn²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /fan¹¹/
    Taoyuan /fon⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /wun²¹/
    Nanning /wun³⁵/
    Hong Kong /wun²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huan²²/
    /uan²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huɑŋ²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xuiŋ⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /maŋ³¹/ 訓讀
    Haikou (Min Nan) /nuaŋ³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (62)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦuɑnX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦʷɑnX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣuɑnX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦwanX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣuɑnX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣuɑnX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣuɑnX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    huàn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    wun6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    huǎn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hwanX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɢ]ʷˁa[n]ʔ/
    English slack; slow

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 16160
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢʷaːnʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. relaxed; loose
    2. slow; leisurely
    3. to postpone; to delay; to have a pause
    4. to recuperate; to revive
    5. A surname​.

    Synonyms[edit]

    edit

    Antonyms[edit]

    • (slow): ()
    • (to postpone):
    edit

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. loose
    2. slow
    3. loosen, relax
    4. slacken, slow down

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    かん
    Grade: S
    kan’on

    From Middle Chinese (MC ɦuɑnX).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Adjective[edit]

    (かん) (kanくわん (kwan)? -na (adnominal (かん) (kan na), adverbial (かん) (kan ni))

    1. slow; sluggish

    Inflection[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (wan) (hangeul , revised wan, McCune–Reischauer wan, Yale wan)

    1. slow, leisurely
    2. to postpone
    3. delay

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: hoãn, hoán

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.