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U+5A9B, 媛
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5A9B

[U+5A9A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5A9C]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 38, +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 女月一水 (VBME), four-corner 42447, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 267, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6516
  • Dae Jaweon: page 534, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1067, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+5A9B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*noːnʔ
*noːnʔ, *qʰʷan
*qʰʷaːns, *qʰʷan
*ɢʷaːnʔ
*ɢʷaːnʔ
*ɢʷaːnʔ
*ɢʷraːn
*ɢʷan
*ɢʷans, *ɢʷan
*ɢʷans
*ɢʷans, *ɢʷan
*ɢʷans
*qʰʷan, *qʰʷanʔ
*qʰʷan
*qʰʷans
*ɢʷan
*ɢʷan
*ɢʷan
*ɢʷan

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (35)
Final () (80)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠiuᴇnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷᵚiɛnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuænH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwianH/
Li
Rong
/ɣjuɛnH/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭwɛnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯wɛnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yuàn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yuàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjwenH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷra[n]-s/
English a beauty

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 16165
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷans/

Definitions[edit]

  1. beauty
    Synonyms: 美女 (měinǚ)

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (35)
Final () (66)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦʉɐn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷiɐn/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuɐn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuan/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuɐn/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭwɐn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯wɐn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yuán
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 16178
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷan/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 嬋媛婵媛.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. princess
  2. beauty

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
えん
Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC ɦˠiuᴇnH).

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

(hiragana えん, rōmaji en, historical hiragana ゑん)

  1. beauty
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひめ
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ひめ, rōmaji hime)

  1. Alternative form of

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC ɦʉɐn).

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 미녀 (minyeo won))

  1. Hanja form? of (beauty).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(viện)

  1. beauty