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Character U+96E8 (雨)
Name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96E8
Block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96E7] [U+96E9]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
雨-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (U+2ED7) (When used as a combining radical)
  • 𠕒
  • 𠕘
  • 𠕲 (Based on the large seal script form of 雨)

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
雨-oracle.svg 雨-bronze.svg 雨-bigseal.svg 雨-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – a cloud with drops of rain falling from it.

Han character[edit]

(radical 173 +0, 8 strokes, cangjie input 一中月卜 (MLBY), four-corner 10227)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1371, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42210
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1878, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4057, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+96E8

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𠕲

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *k/r/s-wa.

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (35)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨoX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦioX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣioX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuə̆X/
Li
Rong
/ɣioX/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjuX ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.ɢʷ(r)aʔ/
English rain

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 15952
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷaʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. rain
  2. (figuratively)
    1. friend
    2. teaching, instruction

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (35)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦioH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣioH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuə̆H/
Li
Rong
/ɣioH/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjuH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷ(r)aʔ-s/
English rain (v.t.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 15953
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷas/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to rain
  2. to fall from the sky (like the rain)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

The さめ ‎(same) reading occurs as epenthesis (instead of the more common あめ ‎(ame)) in terms such as 小雨 ‎(kosame, light rain, drizzle) and 春雨 ‎(harusame, spring rain).

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
あめ
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Cognate with ‎(same, rain). Found both alone and in compounds. Perhaps derived from /same//ame/ with loss of the initial /s/; see same.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あめ, romaji ame)

  1. rain
    • 一雨ごとに春が来る
      hito ame goto ni haru ga kuru
      Spring nears by each rain-fall
    • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 1, page 24:
      雨 設文云、雨、音禹、阿女○山田本有和名二字、谷川氏曰、阿女天水之急呼、謂如水從天下也、水從雲中而下也

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
さめ
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Cognate with ‎(ame, rain). Found in compounds. The /s/ either represents epenthesis between two vowels in compounds or, more likely, is a reflex of an older form of the word only maintained in fossilized compounds. See the list of derived terms.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana さめ, romaji same)

  1. rain
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(u)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: u, McCune-Reischauer: u, Yale: wu)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Miyako[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

  1. rain

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

  1. rain

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, thủy)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Yonaguni[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

  1. rain

Yoron[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

  1. rain

Compounds[edit]