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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
雨-bw.png
Stroke order
雨-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – a cloud with drops of rain falling from it.

雨 雨 雨 雨
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 173 +0, 8 strokes, cangjie input 一中月卜 (MLBY), four-corner 10227)

  1. rain
  2. rainy
  3. KangXi radical 173

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1371, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42210
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1878, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4057, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+96E8

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Yale yu5)


Hakka[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ , Guangdong ji3; j3 [Meixian], zi3 [Hailu], Hagfa Pinyim yi3)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

さめ (same) occurs as epenthesis (instead of the more common あめ (ame)) in terms such as 小雨 (kosame, light rain, drizzle) and 春雨 (harusame, spring rain).

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate with same (rain). Found both alone and in compounds. Perhaps derived from /same/ → /ame/ with loss of the initial /s/; see same.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あめ, romaji ame)

  1. rain
    • 一雨ごとに春が来る
      hito ame goto ni haru ga kuru
      Spring nears by each rain-fall
    • 931-938: Wamyō Ruijushō (book 1 page 24)
      雨 設文云、雨、音禹、阿女○山田本有和名二字、谷川氏曰、阿女天水之急呼、謂如水從天下也、水從雲中而下也

Etymology 2[edit]

Cognate with ame (rain). Found in compounds. The /s/ either represents epenthesis between two vowels in compounds or, more likely, is a reflex of an older form of the word ame (rain) only maintained in fossilized compounds. See Derived terms.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana さめ, romaji same)

  1. rain
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(u)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): [[]] (revised: u, McCune-Reischauer: u, Yale: wu)
  • Name (hangeul): ()

Mandarin[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin
Zhuyin ㄩˇ
IPA (key) /y²¹⁴⁻²¹⁽⁴⁾/
Audio
(file)

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. rain
    。 (trad.)
    。 (simp.)
    Raining cats and dogs.

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin (yu3), Wade-Giles 3)


Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*hiǒ)


Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(TLPA ú (u2), hōo (hoo7))

References[edit]


Miyako[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

  1. rain

Mulam[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(kwən1)

  1. rain

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

  1. rain

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, thủy)


Yonaguni[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

  1. rain

Yoron[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

  1. rain

Compounds[edit]