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U+7FBD, 羽
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7FBD

[U+7FBC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7FBE]
U+FA1E, 羽
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA1E

[U+FA1D]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA1F]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
6 strokes
Stroke order
羽-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 124, +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 尸一尸戈一 (SMSIM) or 尸竹尸竹竹 (SHSHH), four-corner 17120, composition习(GHTJV) or ⿰⿹𠃌丿丿⿹𠃌⿱丿丿(K or U+FA1E))

  1. Kangxi radical #124, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 955, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28614
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1400, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3341, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7FBD

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𦏲

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
羽-oracle.svg 羽-bronze.svg 羽-seal.svg 羽-bigseal.svg

Pictogram (象形): wings or feathers.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /y²¹⁴/
Harbin /y²¹³/
Tianjin /y¹³/
Jinan /y⁵⁵/
Qingdao /y⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /y⁵³/
Xi'an /y⁵³/
Xining /y⁵³/
Yinchuan /y⁵³/
Lanzhou /y¹³/
Ürümqi /y⁵¹/
Wuhan /y⁴²/
Chengdu /y⁵³/
Guiyang /i⁴²/
Kunming /i⁵³/
Nanjing /y²¹²/
Hefei /zz̩ʷ²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /y⁵³/
Pingyao /y⁵³/
Hohhot /y⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ɦy²³/
Suzhou /y⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔz̩ʷ⁵³/
Wenzhou /vu³⁵/
Hui Shexian /y³⁵/
Tunxi /ȵy²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /y⁴¹/
Xiangtan /y²¹/
Gan Nanchang /y²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /i⁴⁴/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /jy²³/
Nanning /y²⁴/
Hong Kong /jy²³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /u⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /y³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /y²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /u⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zi³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (35) (35)
Final () (24) (24)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨoX/ /ɦɨoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦioX/ /ɦioH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣioX/ /ɣioH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuə̆X/ /ɦuə̆H/
Li
Rong
/ɣioX/ /ɣioH/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭuX/ /ɣĭuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯uX/ /i̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjuX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷ(r)aʔ/
English feather, wing

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 15946 15950
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷaʔ/ /*ɢʷas/

Definitions[edit]

  1. feather, plume
  2. wing
  3. (music) fifth note in the Chinese pentatonic scale

Synonyms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: () (u)
  • Korean: (, u)
  • Vietnamese: ()

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
はね
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Appears in the Wamyō Ruijushō of 938 CE.[1]

Compound of (ha, feather, see below) +‎ (ne, root), originally referring specifically to where the quill of a feather attaches to the skin. Over time, the meaning broadened to refer to a feather, and from there, to refer to a wing.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(はね) (hane

  1. (archaic) the portion of a feather where the quill attaches to the skin
    Synonyms: 羽茎 (haguki) (rare), (kaku) (rare)
  2. a feather, down, plume
    Synonym: 羽毛 (umō)
  3. a wing (as of a bird, bat, insect, or airplane)
    Synonym: (tsubasa)
  4. a fletching on an arrow
    Synonyms: 矢羽根, 矢羽 (yabane)
  5. a shuttlecock
    Synonym: 羽子 (hago)
  6. a blade (of a fan)
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(はね) (Hane

  1. a female given name
  2. a surname

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese.

May be cognate with (ha, leaf).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

() (ha

  1. a feather (including synthetic feathers, as on a modern shuttlecock)
  2. a wing (as of a bird, bat, insect, or airplane)
    Synonym: (tsubasa)
  3. a fletching on an arrow
  4. (archery) when a bow is strung, the distance between the grip and the serving (nocking point) on the bowstring
  5. the thin, flange-like overhanging part of a tea ceremony kettle
  6. Short for 羽振り (haburi): This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
  7. a 家紋 (kamon, family crest) with various designs of bird feathers
Derived terms[edit]
Idioms[edit]

Counter[edit]

() or () or () or () (-ha or -ba or -pa or -wa

  1. counter for birds
  2. counter for leporids
Usage notes[edit]

When suffixed, the -ha changes to either (-ba) or (-pa) due of rendaku (連濁), or (-wa) due to ハ行転呼音 (ha-gyō tenkoon, historical ha-column sound shift), as in /-p-//-ɸ-//-w-/.

Derived terms[edit]

Japanese number-counter combinations for
1 2 3 4 5
(いち)() (ichiwa) ()() (niwa) (さん)() (sanwa)
(さん)() (sanba)
(よん)() (yonwa)
()() (yowa)
(よん)() (yonba)
()() (gowa)
6 7 8 9 10
(ろく)() (rokuwa)
(ろっ)() (roppa)
(なな)() (nanawa)
(しち)() (shichiwa)
(はち)() (hachiwa)
(はっ)() (happa)
(きゅう)() (kyūwa) (じゅう)() (jūwa)
(じゅっ)() (juppa)
(じっ)() (jippa)
100 1,000 10,000 How many?
(ひゃく)() (hyakuwa)
(ひゃっ)() (hyappa)
(せん)() (senwa)
(せん)() (senba)
(いち)(まん)() (ichimanwa)
(いち)(まん)() (ichimanba)
(なん)() (nanwa)
(なん)() (nanba)

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC ɦɨoX, ɦɨoH).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

() (u

  1. (music) the fifth and highest note in the Chinese pentatonic scale
    Hypernyms: 五音, 五韻 (goin)

Affix[edit]

() (u

  1. wing (of a bird or insect)
  2. (historical) Short for 出羽 (Dewa-no-kuni): Dewa Province
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun (git u))

  1. Hanja form? of (feather).

(eumhun 늦출 (neutchul ho))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Old Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in the Kojiki (712 CE).

Possibly cognate with (pa, leaf).

Noun[edit]

(pa) (kana )

  1. a feather, down, plume
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 20, poem 4494)
      水鳥乃可毛能伊呂乃青馬乎家布美流比等波可芸利奈之等伊布
      mi1duto2ri no2 kamopa no2 iro2 no2 awouma wo ke1pu mi1ru hi1to2 pa kagi1ri nasi to2 ipu
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)
  2. a wing (of an insect)
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 3, poem 376)
      秋津之袖振妹乎珠匣奥尓念乎見賜吾君
      akidupa no2 so1de puru imo wo tamakusige2 oku ni omopu wo mi1tamape1 waga ki1mi1
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)
  3. a fletching on an arrow

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Japanese: (は, ha, ば, -ba, ぱ, -pa, わ, -wa)

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.