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U+7FBD, 羽
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7FBD

[U+7FBC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7FBE]
U+FA1E, 羽
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA1E

[U+FA1D]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA1F]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
6 strokes
Stroke order
羽-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 124, +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 尸一尸戈一 (SMSIM) or 尸竹尸竹竹 (SHSHH), four-corner 17120, composition习(GHTJV) or ⿰⿹𠃌丿丿⿹𠃌⿱丿丿(K or U+FA1E))

  1. Kangxi radical #124, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 955, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28614
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1400, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3341, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7FBD

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𦏲

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
羽-oracle.svg 羽-bronze.svg 羽-seal.svg 羽-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰʷaʔ
*qʰʷaʔ, *ɢʷaʔ
*qʰʷaʔ
*qʰʷaʔ, *ɢʷaʔ
*ɢʷaʔ, *ɢʷas
*peːns, *ɢʷaʔ, *qʰʷan

Pictogram (象形): wings or feathers.

Pronunciation[edit]


  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /y²¹⁴/
Harbin /y²¹³/
Tianjin /y¹³/
Jinan /y⁵⁵/
Qingdao /y⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /y⁵³/
Xi'an /y⁵³/
Xining /y⁵³/
Yinchuan /y⁵³/
Lanzhou /y¹³/
Ürümqi /y⁵¹/
Wuhan /y⁴²/
Chengdu /y⁵³/
Guiyang /i⁴²/
Kunming /i⁵³/
Nanjing /y²¹²/
Hefei /zz̩ʷ²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /y⁵³/
Pingyao /y⁵³/
Hohhot /y⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ɦy²³/
Suzhou /y⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔz̩ʷ⁵³/
Wenzhou /vu³⁵/
Hui Shexian /y³⁵/
Tunxi /ȵy²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /y⁴¹/
Xiangtan /y²¹/
Gan Nanchang /y²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /i⁴⁴/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /jy²³/
Nanning /y²⁴/
Hong Kong /jy²³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /u⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /y³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /y²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /u⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zi³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (35) (35)
Final () (24) (24)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨoX/ /ɦɨoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦioX/ /ɦioH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣioX/ /ɣioH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuə̆X/ /ɦuə̆H/
Li
Rong
/ɣioX/ /ɣioH/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭuX/ /ɣĭuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯uX/ /i̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjuX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷ(r)aʔ/
English feather, wing

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 15946 15950
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷaʔ/ /*ɢʷas/

Definitions[edit]

  1. feather, plume
  2. wing
  3. (music) fifth note in the Chinese pentatonic scale, or la

Coordinate terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

shinjitai

kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. feathers
  2. counter for birds, rabbits

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
はね
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Appears in the Wamyō Ruijushō of 938 CE.[1]

Compound of (ha, feather) +‎ (ne, root), originally referring specifically to where the quill of a feather attaches to the skin. Over time, the meaning broadened to refer to a feather, and from there, to refer to a wing.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana はね, rōmaji hane)

  1. (archaic) the portion of a feather where the quill attaches to the skin
    Synonyms: 羽茎 (haguki) (rare), (kaku) (rare)
  2. a feather
    Synonym: 羽毛 (umō)
  3. a wing (as of a bird, bat, insect, or airplane)
    Synonym: (tsubasa)
  4. a fletching on an arrow
    Synonyms: 矢羽根, 矢羽 (yabane)
  5. a shuttlecock
    Synonym: 羽子 (hago)
  6. a blade (of a fan)

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese. Appears in the Kojiki of 712 CE, and the Man'yōshū, completed some time after 759 CE.

May be cognate with (ha, leaf).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji ha)

  1. a feather (including synthetic feathers, as on a modern shuttlecock)
  2. a wing (as of a bird, bat, insect, or airplane)
    Synonym: (tsubasa)
  3. a fletching on an arrow
  4. (archery) when a bow is strung, the distance between the grip and the serving (nocking point) on the bowstring

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Shift in reading of ha above due to ハ行転呼, i.e. /p/>/w/

Pronunciation[edit]

Counter[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji -wa, historical hiragana )

  1. counter for birds
  2. counter for rabbits

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC ɦɨoX, ɦɨoH).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji u)

  1. (music) the highest tone of a pentatonic scale

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji U)

  1. (historical) the ancient Japanese province of 出羽 (Dewa)
    Only used in compounds.
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(u) (hangeul )

  1. the fifth note in the pentatonic scale; la

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.