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Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai BA.png
U+3070, ば
Composition: [U+306F] + ◌゙ [U+3099]



Stroke order
5 strokes


Etymology 1[edit]

The hiragana character (ha) with a dakuten ().


(romaji ba)

  1. The hiragana syllable (ba). Its equivalent in katakana is (ba).
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]


(rōmaji ba)

  1. : a place; (physics) a field


(rōmaji -ba)

  1. : sections of a play

Etymology 3[edit]


(rōmaji ba)

  1. if; when
    • c. late 9th – mid-10th century, Taketori Monogatari
      When he looked at it, there sat a very lovely human being about three sun long.
    • 2007, yura (lyrics), Satoru Kousaki (music), “キラメキラリ”, in THE IDOLM@STER MASTER ARTIST 02 Takatsuki Yayoi:
       () (ちゅう)から () () (きゅう) (なが) (ぼし)
      uchū kara mireba chikyū mo nagareboshi
      If you see from the universe the earth is also a shooting star
  2. (in the …ば…ほど (... ba ... hodo ...) construction) the more ..., the more
     (まな) (まな)ぶほど、 (なに) ()らなかった (こと) ()づく
    Manabeba manabu hodo, nani mo shiranakatta koto ni kizuku
    The more I learned, the more I felt I didn't know anything.
Usage notes[edit]
  • In modern Japanese, the hypothetical conditional is formed by attaching to the 仮定形 (未然形 in a few archaisms) of a verb or adjective to form the hypothetical conditional. AばB assumes A and expresses it as a condition for B, usually something desirable, to occur. This is with 未然形 in classical Japanese. In classical Japanese, can also attach to the 已然形, which introduces something occurred as a cause, occasion or circumstance.