寝る

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
寢る (kyūjitai)

Etymology[edit]

From Old Japanese (nu).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "寝る"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
寝る [nèrú]
Imperative (命令形) 寝ろ [nèró]
Key constructions
Passive 寝られる られる [nèrárérú]
Causative 寝させる させる [nèsásérú]
Potential 寝られる られる [nèrárérú]
Volitional 寝よう [nèyóꜜò]
Negative 寝ない ない [nènáí]
Negative perfective 寝なかった かった [nènáꜜkàttà]
Formal 寝ます [nèmáꜜsù]
Perfective 寝た [nètá]
Conjunctive 寝て [nèté]
Hypothetical conditional 寝れば [nèréꜜbà]

Verb[edit]

() (neruintransitive ichidan (stem () (ne), past () (neta))

  1. to sleep
  2. to go to bed
  3. ( ()) to sleep with, to have sexual intercourse with
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:性交する
    • 2003 April 22, Kenshi Hirokane, “STEP2 さよならはダンスの後に [Step 2: Only Say Goodbye after the Dance]”, in ヤング島耕作, volume 1 (fiction), Tōkyō: Kōdansha, →ISBN, page 42:
      おまえ(なか)()()のか?
      Omae Nakai to neta no ka?
      Did you sleep with Nakai?
  4. to lie down
  5. (of miso, sake, etc.) to ripen, to ferment, to cure

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Uwano, Zendo (2002 October 31) “見島方言の用言のアクセント調査報告 [A Report on the Accentual Surveys of Verbs and Adjectives in the Mishima Dialect]”, in 環太平洋の「消滅に瀕した言語」にかんする緊急調査研究[1], →ISSN, archived from the original on 25 September 2022
  2. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN