ferment

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French ferment, from Latin fermentare (to leaven, ferment), from fermentum (substance causing fermentation), from fervere (to boil, seethe). See also fervent.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ferment (third-person singular simple present ferments, present participle fermenting, simple past and past participle fermented)

  1. To react, using fermentation; especially to produce alcohol by aging or by allowing yeast to act on sugars; to brew.
    • 2020 November 18, Drachinifel, The Salvage of Pearl Harbor Pt 2 - Up She Rises![1], archived from the original on 22 October 2022, retrieved 30 October 2022, 6:21 from the start:
      The cleanup job would turn out to be possibly second only to body-recovery duty in terms of being a job that nobody wanted to get assigned to. Imagine, for a moment, a thick soup of oil, paper, ink, clothing, raw meat and other fresh provisions, and worse, that had all been left to collect together in semi-warm water, all enclosed in a large metal container that had then been subjected to heating by first fire and then repeated warm Hawaiian days, and then left to ferment for over a month, and then with most of the water drained away and all the remaining solid and semi-liquid mass collecting together in pools and heaps across multiple decks, still in a relatively-enclosed environment.
  2. To stir up, agitate, cause unrest or excitement in.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

ferment (plural ferments)

  1. Something, such as a yeast or barm, that causes fermentation.
  2. A state of agitation or of turbulent change.
    • a. 1729, John Rogers, The Difficulties of Obtaining Salvation
      Subdue and cool the ferment of desire.
    • 14 November, 1770, Junius, letter to the Right Honourable Lord Mansfield
      The nation is in a ferment.
    • 1919, Ronald Firbank, Valmouth, Duckworth, hardback edition, page 104
      Clad in a Persian-Renaissance gown and a widow's tiara of white batiste, Mrs Thoroughfare, in all the ferment of a Marriage-Christening, left her chamber on vapoury autumn day and descending a few stairs, and climbing a few others, knocked a trifle brusquely at her son's wife's door.
  3. A gentle internal motion of the constituent parts of a fluid; fermentation.
  4. A catalyst.

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

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Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ferment

  1. third-person plural present indicative/subjunctive of fermer

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin fermentum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ferment m inan

  1. ferment, unrest
  1. (archaic, biochemistry) enzyme
    Synonym: enzym

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

adjective
noun
verbs

Further reading[edit]

  • ferment in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • ferment in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French ferment, from Latin fermentum.

Noun[edit]

ferment m (plural fermenți)

  1. ferment

Declension[edit]