alcohol

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See also: álcohol

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Entered in the 1500s from French alcohol or Spanish alcohol, derived from the Medieval Latin rendering alcohol transmitted in medical or alchemical literature of Arabic اَلْكُحْل(al-kuḥl, kohl), which in Andalusian Arabic also bore the form كُحُول(kuḥūl), قُحُول(quḥūl); bearing thus the meaning of stibnite first, then generalized in meaning to a powder obtained by triturating a material, then also to liquids obtained by boiling down, and specialized to mean spirit of wine, ethanol, in the 18th century, then the narrow chemical sense after 1850.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈæl.kə.hɒl/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈæl.kə.hɔl/, /ˈæl.kə.hɑl/
  • (US, nonstandard) IPA(key): /ˈɑl.kə.hɔl/, /ˈɑl.kə.hɑl/
  • (file)
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

alcohol (countable and uncountable, plural alcohols)

An assortment of alcoholic beverages
  1. (organic chemistry, countable) Any of a class of organic compounds (such as ethanol) containing a hydroxyl functional group (-OH).
  2. (colloquial) Ethanol.
  3. (uncountable) Beverages containing ethanol, collectively.
    • 2013 June 22, “Snakes and ladders”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8841, page 76:
      Risk is everywhere. From tabloid headlines insisting that coffee causes cancer (yesterday, of course, it cured it) to stern government warnings about alcohol and driving, the world is teeming with goblins.
  4. (obsolete) Any very fine powder.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ “Etymology of Alcohol”, in (Please provide the title of the work)[1], accessed 31 December 2008, archived from the original on 10 June 2011
  2. ^ Nicolae Sfetcu, Health & Drugs: Disease, Prescription & Medication (2014)

Asturian[edit]

Noun[edit]

alcohol m (plural alcoholes)

  1. alcohol

Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

alcohol m (plural alcohols)

  1. (organic chemistry, countable) alcohol
  2. (uncountable) alcohol

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin alcohol or Spanish alcohol, of Arabic origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑl.koːˌɦɔl/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: al‧co‧hol

Noun[edit]

alcohol m (plural alcoholen)

  1. (countable, organic chemistry) alcohol (class of compounds)
  2. (uncountable) alcohol (ethanol specifically)

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


French[edit]

Noun[edit]

alcohol m (plural alcohols)

  1. (rare) Alternative spelling of alcool

Galician[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

alcohol m (plural alcohois)

  1. alcohol

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Interlingua[edit]

Noun[edit]

alcohol (uncountable)

  1. alcohol (ethanol)

Related terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

alcohol n (genitive alcoholis); third declension

  1. kohl, collyrium, stibium
  2. any other powder obtained from triturating a material
    alcohol ferrīrubbed file dust of iron
  3. distilled essence, spirit
  4. alcohol

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative alcohol alcohola
Genitive alcoholis alcoholum
Dative alcoholī alcoholibus
Accusative alcohol alcohola
Ablative alcohole alcoholibus
Vocative alcohol alcohola

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old French[edit]

Noun[edit]

alcohol m (oblique plural alcohous or alcohox or alcohols, nominative singular alcohous or alcohox or alcohols, nominative plural alcohol)

  1. alcohol
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Spanish[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Etymology[edit]

From Andalusian Arabic كُحُول(kuḥū́l), from Arabic اَلْكُحْل(al-kuḥl, kohl).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

alcohol m (plural alcoholes)

  1. alcohol
  2. (mineralogy) galena
  3. (cosmetics) kohl, stibnite

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]