collyrium

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
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Etymology[edit]

From Latin collȳrium, from Ancient Greek κολλύριον (kollúrion, poultice).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

collyrium (countable and uncountable, plural collyria or collyriums)

  1. A lotion or liquid wash used as a cleanser for the eyes; an eye-salve.
    • 1624, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy: [], 2nd edition, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 54573970, partition II, section 2, member 6, subsection ii:
      Democritus' collyrium is not so sovereign to the eyes as this is to the heart []
  2. Loosely, any product applied to or around the eyes; kohl.
    • 1919, Ronald Firbank, Valmouth, Duckworth, hardback edition, page 44
      [] there were rings of collyrium about her eyes.

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek κολλύριον (kollúrion, eye salve).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

collȳrium n (genitive collȳriī or collȳrī); second declension

  1. eye-salve
  2. pessary, suppository

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative collȳrium collȳria
Genitive collȳriī
collȳrī1
collȳriōrum
Dative collȳriō collȳriīs
Accusative collȳrium collȳria
Ablative collȳriō collȳriīs
Vocative collȳrium collȳria

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

Descendants[edit]

  • Catalan: col·liri
  • French: collyre
  • Galician: colirio
  • Italian: collirio
  • Portuguese: colírio
  • Spanish: colirio

References[edit]

  • collyrium in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • collyrium in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • collyrium in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • collyrium in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • collyrium in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin